In a nutshell Sound resource management is crucial. There are huge costs associated with large and unpredictable swings in oil prices. If not well ...
• Out-of-pocket payments on health care constitute a substantial portion of the household expenditure in many developing countries. These payments become catastrophic when a household ...
The shale oil revolution in the United States, contributing to lower global oil prices, has important macroeconomic implications for the Middle East and North Africa ...
ERF’s Policy Perspectives present policy-relevant research in a succinct, concise manner.
While most studies focus on host countries, empirical analysis on sending countries is often lacking.
This policy perspective examines the issue of attracting foreign direct investment (FDI) to the Arab
Although the growth of per capita real income in the Arab world has markedly improved
This policy brief summarizes the main findings and policy implications of three studies headed by
The multiple linkages between Jordan and its partners plead for an in-depth analysis of the
For many years, Egypt experienced substantial demographic pressures on its education system and labor market. These
In December 2010, Iran implemented an ambitious subsidy reform program for energy and bread. Prices
Policy discussions about the health of the economy and the labor market in Egypt often
This Policy Perspective argues that active labor market policies, such as public employment schemes, wage