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ERF’s Working Papers Series disseminates work in progress in order to promote constructive debate and peer review.

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Determinants of Household Education Expenditure in Sudan

Ebaidalla Mahjoub Ebaidalla

This paper examines the factors that influence households' expenditure on education in Sudan using the ... read more


Political Stability, Firm Characteristics and Performance: Evidence From 6,083 Private Firms in the Middle East

Amr Hosny

Using firm-level data from an EBRD/EIB/WB joint survey covering more than 6,000 private firms in ... read more


The Race to the Top: Institutional Clusters and World FDI Shares

Wasseem Mina

The literature on the institutions-FDI nexus has treated the influence of institutions independently of each ... read more


The Microeconomic Impact of Political Instability: Firm-Level Evidence from Tunisia

Samer Matta

This paper explores the impact of political instability on firms. The context of this paper ... read more


Firm Productivity, Technology and Export Status, What Can We Learn from Egyptian Industries?

Mohamed El Arbi Chaffai and Patrick Plane

We explore to what extent the export status and technological choices are related to firm ... read more


Return Migrants and the Wage Premium: Does the Legal Status of Migrants Matter?

Nelly El-Mallakh and Jackline Wahba

This paper examines the long-term impact of the legal status of overseas temporary migrants. Using ... read more


Targeting Debt in Lebanon: A Structural Macro-Econometric Model

Salim Mahmoud Araji , Vladimir Hlasny , Layal Mansour Ichrakieh and Vito Intini

Quality statistics on developing economies in the Arab region are rare, and their advanced analysis ... read more


Standards and Market Power: Evidence from Tunisia

Hendrik Kruse , Inmaculada Martinez-Zarzoso and Leila Baghdadi

We develop a theoretical model and derive conditions under which firms with market power try ... read more


To Bank or Not to Bank: The Determination of Cash Holdings and Lines of Credit

Ghada Tayem

This paper investigates two liquidity choices of listed Jordanian firms: internal represented by cash holdings ... read more



Economic Voting Under Single-Party and Coalition Governments: Evidence From The Turkish Case

Ali Akarca

Strength of economic voting under single-party and coalition governments is investigated in the case of ... read more


How Gender Biased Are Female-Headed Household Transfers in Egypt?

Lobna AbdelLatif , Mohamed Ramadan and Sarah Elbakry

In this paper, we claim that the policy of targeting female-headed households’ (FHHs) may generate ... read more


Collusion Detection in Public Procurement with Limited Information

Bedri Kamil Onur Tas

Public procurement data sets usually lack detailed data that are needed to implement existing methods. ... read more




The Effect of Mothers’ Employment on Youth Gender Role Attitudes: Evidence From Egypt

Maia Sieverding , Rania Roushdy and May Gadallah

Cross-nationally, having a working mother during childhood is associated with more egalitarian attitudes among both ... read more