Education Interrupted: Enrollment, Attainment, and Dropout of Syrian Refugees in Jordan - Economic Research Forum (ERF)

Education Interrupted: Enrollment, Attainment, and Dropout of Syrian Refugees in Jordan

Maia Sieverding, Caroline Krafft, Nasma Berri, Caitlyn Keo and Mariam Sharpless


Date:
December, 2018

NO.
1261

Length:
56 pages

Topic:
N3. Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Welfare, Income, Wealth, Religion, and Philanthropy
I2. Education and Research Institutions

Education is a key means to integrate refugee populations into their host countries, as well as to prevent permanent deficits in human development among children affected by conflict. The large population of children affected by the Syrian conflict are at risk of becoming a “lost generation” due to interruptions in their schooling. Jordan hosts one of the largest populations of Syrian refugees and has made a concerted effort to provide access to education for refugee children. This paper assesses how educational enrollment, attainment, and dropout of Syrian refugees in Jordan have been affected by conflict, displacement, and educational opportunities and experiences after arrival to Jordan. We rely on nationally representative survey data from Jordan in 2016 and in-depth interviews with 71 Syrian refugee youth. Syrian refugees in Jordan faced disrupted schooling in Syria due to the conflict, followed by challenges in joining the Jordanian school system. Yet ultimately enrollment rates, at least through 2016, have recovered to pre-conflict levels for basic education among the group of Syrians in Jordan in 2016. Refugee youth faced a number of barriers to school reentry and persistence in Jordan, including school interruptions leading to students being older than their classmates, discrimination from peers and teachers, and academic difficulty particularly at the secondary level. For male youth, the pressure to work to support their families underlay many non-enrollment decisions. Although some youth faced documentation challenges upon initial enrollment in school, they were able to overcome these challenges, demonstrating the importance of Jordan’s efforts to expand public school access to refugees.

ملخص

التعليم وسيلة رئيسية لإدماج اللاجئين في البلدان المضيفة لهم ، وكذلك لمنع العجز الدائم في التنمية البشرية بين الأطفال المتأثرين بالصراع. يتعرض عدد كبير من الأطفال المتضررين من النزاع السوري لخطر “التحول إلى جيل ضائع” بسبب الانقطاع المتكرر في تعليمهم المدرسي. يستضيف الأردن واحدة من أكبر مجموعات اللاجئين السوريين وقد بذل جهودًا متضافرة لتوفير الوصول إلى التعليم للأطفال اللاجئين. تقيّم هذه الورقة كيف تأثر الالتحاق اللاجئين السوريين في الأردن بالتعليم ،, وتحصيلهم الدراسي وتسربهم من التعليم بالنزاع والتهجير وفرص التعليم والخبرات التعليمية بعد وصولهم إلى الأردن. نحن نعتمد على بيانات المسح الوطني الممثلة من الأردن في عام 2016 والمقابلات المتعمقة مع 71 من شباب اللاجئين السوريين. ﺗﻌﺮض اﻟﻼﺟﺌﻮن اﻟﺴﻮرﻳﻮن ﻓﻲ اﻷردن إﻟﻰ ﺗﻌﻄﻞ اﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ اﻟﻤﺪرﺳﻲ ﻓﻲ ﺳﻮرﻳﺎ ﺑﺴﺒﺐ اﻟﻨﺰاع ، أعقبه ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺎت ﻓﻲ اﻻﻧﻀﻤﺎم إﻟﻰ اﻟﻨﻈﺎم اﻟﻤﺪرﺳﻲ اﻷردﻧﻲ. ومع ذلك ، فإن معدلات الالتحاق في نهاية المطاف ، على الأقل حتى عام 2016 ، قد تعافت إلى مستويات ما قبل الصراع في التعليم الأساسي بين مجموعة السوريين في الأردن في عام 2016. وقد واجه شباب اللاجئين عدداً من العوائق أمام دخول المدارس والمثابرة في الأردن ، بما في ذلك انقطاع المدارس مما أدى إلى أن يكون الطلاب أكبر سناً من زملائهم في الفصل ، والتمييز بين أقرانهم ومدرسيهم ، وصعوبة أكاديمية خاصة في المرحلة الثانوية. ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﻟﻠﺸﺒﺎب اﻟﺬكور ، ﻓﺈن اﻟﻀﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻟﺪﻋﻢ ﻋﺎﺋﻼﺗﻬﻢ كان وراء  اﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻘﺮارات بعدم ﺘﺴﺠﻴﻠﻴهم في التعليم. على الرغم من أن بعض الشباب واجهوا تحديات في التوثيق عند التسجيل في المدارس في البداية ، إلا أنهم تمكنوا من التغلب على هذه التحديات ، مما يدل على أهمية جهود الأردن لتوسيع الوصول إلى المدارس العامة للاجئين

Authors

Maia Sieverding

Assistant Professor of Public Health Practice at the American University of Beirut


Authors

Caroline Krafft

Assistant Professor of economics at St. Catherine University


Authors

Nasma Berri

American University of Beirut


Authors

Caitlyn Keo

Economics Research Specialist at St. Catherine University


Authors

Mariam Sharpless

St. Catherine University


Project

EVENTS

There are no Events PAST



Related Publications

Working Papers

Sir! I’d Rather Go to School, Sir!

Mahdi Majbouri

Conscription is a popular method of army recruitment for governments of developing countries that are ... read more


Working Papers

Schooling Choices’ Responses to Labor Market Shocks: Evidence From a Natural Experiment

Belal Fallah and Ayhab Saad

This paper uses the closure of Israeli labor market to examine the effect of a ... read more


Working Papers

Does it Still Pay to Go to College in Egypt? Decomposition Analysis of Wage Differentials For College and Non-College Graduates

Hatem Jemmali and Fatma El-Hamidi

This paper analyzes the educational wage differentials among youth graduates in Egypt using a nationally ... read more