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What Determines the Access to Finance of SMEs? Evidence from the Egyptian Case

Hala El-Said , Mahmoud Al-Said and Chahir Zaki

Financial services seem to be underutilized by small and medium enterprises (SMEs); only 50 percent ... read more

Aid, Exchange Rate Regimes and Post-conflict Monetary Stabilization

Ibrahim Elbadawi and Raimundo Soto

This paper asks whether the choice of the exchange regime matters for macroeconomic stabilization in ... read more

The Global Impact of the Systemic Economies and MENA Business Cycles

Paul Cashin , Kamiar Mohaddes and Mehdi Raissi

This paper analyzes spillovers from macroeconomic shocks in systemic economies (China, the Euro Area, and ... read more

Terrorism and Integration of Muslim Immigrants

Ahmed Elsayed and Andries de Grip

We study the effect that a series of fundamentalist-Islamic terrorist attacks in Europe had on ... read more

Contribution of Structural Change to Productivity Growth: Evidence from Tunisia

Mohamed Ali Marouani and Rim Mouelhi

The objective of this paper is to analyze the evolution of productivity and the contribution ... read more

Banking and Monetary Crises: Impacts on Exports of MENA Countries

Mohamed Ben Abdallah and Zouheir Bouchaddakh

To date, there has been relatively limited literature treating the impact of financial crises on ... read more

Did Trade Liberalization Benefit Female Workers? Evidence on Wage and Employment Effects from Egypt

Shireen Al Azzawi

Egypt has gone through a period of dramatic, albeit slow, economic reform and trade liberalization ... read more

Does Improved Local Supply of Schooling Enhance Intergenerational Mobility in Education? Evidence from Jordan

Ragui Assaad and Mohamed Saleh

This paper examines the effect of increased local supply of schooling on intergenerational mobility in ... read more

Impact of Exchange Rate Volatility on Macroeconomic Performance in Sudan

Ebaidalla Mahjoub Ebaidalla

This paper investigates the impact of exchange rate volatility on macroeconomic performance in Sudan, focusing ... read more

Different Arab Springs? The Political Elite and De facto Political Power

Mina Baliamoune Lutz

We identify conditions under which the political elite may overcompensate the loss of de jure ... read more

Estimating Money Demand Function by a Smooth Transition Regression Model: An Evidence for Turkey

Afsin Sahin

The money supply process is assumed to be fixed in economic literature or at least ... read more

Output-Employment Relationship across Sectors: A Long- versus Short-Run Perspective

Afsin Sahin , Aysit Tansel and Hakan Berument

This paper investigates the nature of the output-employment relationship by using the Turkish quarterly data ... read more

Proxy Means Tests for Targeting Subsidies Scheme in Iran

Mohamed Bakhshoodeh

In this paper, I develop a Proxy Means Tests (PMT) model and examine several targeting ... read more