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ERF’s Working Papers Series disseminates work in progress in order to promote constructive debate and peer review.

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Analyzing Wage Differentials by Fields of Study: Evidence From Turkey

Antonio Di Paolo and Aysit Tansel

This paper analyzes the drivers of wage differences among college graduates who hold a degree ... read more

Regional Inequalities in Child Malnutrition in Egypt, Jordan, and Yemen: A Blinder-Oaxaca Decomposition Analysis

Mesbah Sharaf and Ahmed Rashad

There is substantial evidence that on average, urban children have better health outcomes than rural ... read more

The Impact of Ownership on Corporate Performance: The Case of the UAE

Magda Kandil and Minko Markovski

This study attempts to identify whether government ownership has an effect on corporate performance, such ... read more

Do Oil Prices Affect Kuwait Sectoral Stock Prices? Non-Linear Cointegration Evidence

Khalid Kisswani and Mohammad I. Elian

This paper tests the asymmetric long-run dynamics between oil price changes and Kuwait stock prices ... read more

Revisiting the Middle-Class Myth: Evidence From A Cross-Country Analysis of African Social Progress

Ricardo Nogales and Reham Rizk

We analyze the relationship between the expansion of middle class in 42 African countries and ... read more

Determinants of Household Education Expenditure in Sudan

Ebaidalla Mahjoub Ebaidalla

This paper examines the factors that influence households' expenditure on education in Sudan using the ... read more

Political Stability, Firm Characteristics and Performance: Evidence From 6,083 Private Firms in the Middle East

Amr Hosny

Using firm-level data from an EBRD/EIB/WB joint survey covering more than 6,000 private firms in ... read more

The Race to the Top: Institutional Clusters and World FDI Shares

Wasseem Mina

The literature on the institutions-FDI nexus has treated the influence of institutions independently of each ... read more

The Microeconomic Impact of Political Instability: Firm-Level Evidence from Tunisia

Samer Matta

This paper explores the impact of political instability on firms. The context of this paper ... read more

Firm Productivity, Technology and Export Status, What Can We Learn from Egyptian Industries?

Mohamed El Arbi Chaffai and Patrick Plane

We explore to what extent the export status and technological choices are related to firm ... read more

Return Migrants and the Wage Premium: Does the Legal Status of Migrants Matter?

Nelly El-Mallakh and Jackline Wahba

This paper examines the long-term impact of the legal status of overseas temporary migrants. Using ... read more

Standards and Market Power: Evidence from Tunisia

Hendrik Kruse , Inmaculada Martinez-Zarzoso and Leila Baghdadi

We develop a theoretical model and derive conditions under which firms with market power try ... read more

To Bank or Not to Bank: The Determination of Cash Holdings and Lines of Credit

Ghada Tayem

This paper investigates two liquidity choices of listed Jordanian firms: internal represented by cash holdings ... read more