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ERF’s Working Papers Series disseminates work in progress in order to promote constructive debate and peer review.

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A Decade of Competition Policy in Arab Countries: A De jure and De facto Assessment

Jala Youssef and Chahir Zaki

Despite its several benefits, competition policy seems to lack the attention it deserves in terms ... read more



Is Oil Wealth Good for Private Sector Development?

Melani Cammett , Ishac Diwan and Andrew Leber

When do autocratic rulers in oil-producing countries support private sector development? We argue that the ... read more


The Division of Ownership and Control in Listed Jordanian Firms

Ghada Tayem

Firms listed on the Amman Stock Exchange (ASE) represent an important part of the economic ... read more


Firm Performance and Agglomeration Effects: Evidence from Tunisian Firm-level Data

Mohamed Amara

Using Tunisian manufacturing data between 1998 and 2004 and by referring to multilevel approach, this ... read more


A New Dawn for MENA Firms: Service Trade Liberalization for More Competitive Exports

Fida Karam and Chahir Zaki

With the ongoing debates on the Doha Agenda, micro-level empirical evidence has emerged to highlight ... read more


English Skills, Labour Market Status and Earnings of Turkish Women

Antonio Di Paolo and Aysit Tansel

In this paper, we investigate the effect of the level of English skills on the ... read more


Time-Varying Casual Nexuses Between Remittances and Financial Development in Some MENA Countries

Ilham Haouas , Naceur Kheraief , Arusha Cooray and Syed Jawad Hussain Shahzad

This paper examines the causality between remittances (REMs) and financial sector development (FD) in MENA ... read more


Unemployment and Violent Extremism: Evidence from Daesh Foreign Recruits

Mohamed Abdel Jelil , Kartika Bhatia , Anne Brockmeyer , Quy-Toan Do and Cl´ement Joubert

Transnational terrorist organizations such as the Islamic State (also known as Daesh) have shown an ... read more


Cronyism, firms’ Productivity and Informal Competition in Egypt

Nesma Ali and Boris Najman

This paper investigates the role of informal firms’ competition in determining the micro-level effect of ... read more


Efficiency Assessment of Tunisian Public hospitals Using Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA)

Miryam Daoud Marrakchi and Hédi Essid

In the recent past years, Tunisia pursued a national policy on health which was directed ... read more


Labor Market Activities of Syrian Refugees in Turkey

Aysegul Kayaoglu and M. Murat Erdogan

Drawing on data from a survey of 1,235 Syrian refugees, this article examines individual, cohort ... read more



The Number and Characteristics of Syrians in Jordan: A Multi-Source Analysis

Caroline Krafft , Susan Razzaz , Caitlyn Keo and Ragui Assaad

Jordan has experienced a substantial influx of refugees from Syria since 2011. The Jordanian government ... read more


Socioeconomic Status and the Changing Nature of School-to-Work Transitions in Egypt, Jordan and Tunisia

Ragui Assaad , Caroline Krafft and Colette Salemi

This paper examines the evolution of initial labor market outcomes across cohorts of school leavers ... read more


Identifying Global and National Output and Fiscal Policy ShocksUsing a GVAR

Alexander Chudik , Mohammad Hashem Pesaran and Kamiar Mohaddes

The paper contributes to the growing global VAR (GVAR) literature by showing how global and ... read more