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ERF’s Working Papers Series disseminates work in progress in order to promote constructive debate and peer review.

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The Role of Labor Market Frictions in Structural Transformation

Khalid El Fayoumi and Gregory Auclair

Against what theory predicts, large productivity gaps across sectors persist and the process of structural ... read more


Persistence and Change in Marriage Practices Among Syrian Refugees in Jordan

Maia Sieverding , Caroline Krafft , Nasma Berri and Caitlyn Keo

Since the onset of the Syrian conflict there has been considerable attention to reports of ... read more



State-Business Relations and Financial Accessibility: Explaining Firm Performance in the MENA Region

Burhan Can Karahasan and Firat Bilgel

This study investigates the triangular relationship among state-business relations, financial access and economic performance using ... read more



The Nexus Between Business-Investment Climate and Firm Performance in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) Region

Eleftherios Giovanis and Oznur Ozdamar

Business and investment climate indicators are relations between the public and private sectors. They may ... read more


Sources of Heterogeneity in Labor Productivity and Total Factor Productivity in Egyptian Manufacturing

Abeer Elshennawy and Mohamed Bouaddi

Egypt Ranking in the World Competitiveness Report deteriorated between 2004 and 2017. Boosting competitiveness requires ... read more


Youth Vulnerability in Egypt and Jordan: Dimensions and Determinants

Shireen Al Azzawi and Vladimir Hlasny

Youth unemployment in the MENA region is the highest in the world, at over 40% ... read more


Are the Credit Rating Agencies Biased Against MENA Countries?

A. Talha Yalta and Yasemin Yalta

We investigate the claims on regional biases in the sovereign credit ratings assigned by Fitch ... read more


The Political Economy of Business Elites in Tunisia: Actors, Strategies and Identities

Mohamed Oubenal and Houda Ben Hamouda

When the Tunisian government seized the assets of the Ben Ali clan in 2011, prosperous ... read more


Impact of Informal Job-search on Wages for University Graduates in Egypt and Jordan

Obbey Ahmed Elamin

This research examines the impact of informal job search on wage for university graduates on ... read more


State Business Relations and the Dynamics of Job Flows in Egypt and Turkey

Eleftherios Giovanis and Oznur Ozdamar

This study is motivated by the ongoing interest of policy makers in the possible sources ... read more


Global Value Chains and Business Environment: Which Factors Do Really Matter?

Marion Dovis and Chahir Zaki

This study attempts to assess the effect of business environment on the possibility of a ... read more


Productivity, Structural Change and Skills Dynamics in Tunisia and Turkey

Gunes Arkadas Asik , Mohamed Ali Marouani , Michelle Marshalian and Ulas Karakoc

This article explores the contribution of the structural change and the skill upgrading of the ... read more



Price Synchronicity, Inter-Firm Networks, and Business Groups in the Middle East and North Africa

Michael Siemon

Business groups are an essential part of the political economy of almost all capitalist countries. ... read more