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ERF’s Working Papers Series disseminates work in progress in order to promote constructive debate and peer review.

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The Structure of Employment and Job Creation in Jordan: 2010-2016

Ragui Assaad and Colette Salemi

In this paper, we analyze the structure of employment and job creation in Jordan over ... read more

Consumer Preferences and Market Structure in Credit Card Markets: Evidence from Turkey

G. Gulsun Akin , Ahmet Faruk Aysan , Ezgi Özer and Levent Yildiran

Using a discrete choice random utility model and unique data from a nationwide consumer survey, ... read more

The Promise and Peril of Youth Entrepreneurship in MENA

Caroline Krafft and Reham Rizk

Entrepreneurship is promoted by government policies and international agencies as a solution to high rates ... read more

Financial Liquidity, Geopolitics, and Oil Prices

Hany Abdel-Latif and Mahmoud El-Gamal

This paper aims simultaneously to study the global dynamic relationship of oil prices, financial liquidity, ... read more

Inequality of Opportunity in Early Childhood Development in Algeria Over Time

Touhami Abdelkhalek and Moundir Lassassi

Early childhood is the most important time for human development. However, countries tend to under-invest ... read more

Transferts de fonds migratoires, chômage et changements démographiques entre la Tunisie et l’Europe

Hajer Habib and Ghazi Boulila

L’objectif de ce papier est de présenter notre contribution à la littérature théorique à travers ... read more

Devaluation: Is it Contractionary or Expansionary to Economic Sectors? The Case of Egypt

Nada Shokry and Mohamed Bouaddi

This paper investigates the effect of changes in exchange rate on sectoral GDP in Egypt ... read more

Firms’ Lifecycle under Conflict-Related Mobility Restrictions in Palestine: Evidence from Establishment Censuses

Vladimir Hlasny and Shireen Al Azzawi

The Israeli occupation of Palestine has been accompanied by a repressive security and regulatory regime ... read more

Trade Openness: An Effective tool for Poverty Alleviation or an Instrument for Increasing Poverty Severity?

Ahmed Mohamed Ezzat

Several studies focus on the effects of trade openness on poverty alleviation through studying the ... read more

Assessing the Intra-Arab Trade Integration and Potential: Evidence from Stochastic Frontier Gravity Model

Ebaidalla Mahjoub Ebaidalla and Mohammed Elhaj Mustafa Ali

Following the theoretical background on production theory, this study employs a stochastic frontier gravity model ... read more

Mixed Market Structure, Competition and Market Size: How Does Product Mix Respond?

Aya Elewa

Assuming a double heterogeneity; within industry firm heterogeneity and within firm product heterogeneity, this paper ... read more

Sir! I’d Rather Go to School, Sir!

Mahdi Majbouri

Conscription is a popular method of army recruitment for governments of developing countries that are ... read more