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ERF’s Working Papers Series disseminates work in progress in order to promote constructive debate and peer review.

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Labor Demand in Tunisia: Size, Structure and Determinants

Sofiane Ghali and Habib Zitouna

This paper explores the employment performance and capacities of the Tunisian private sector with a ... read more

Public-Private Wage Disparities, Employment and Labor Market Segmentation in Tunisia

Ines Bouassida and AbdelRahmen El Lahga

The dysfunction of the Tunisian labor market is exacerbated particularly by the segmentation between public ... read more

Child Labor and Schooling in Tunisia

Mouez Soussi and Donia Smaali Bouhlila

This paper provides evidence on the extent of child labor in Tunisia, its determinants and ... read more

Migration Patterns and Labor Market Outcomes in Tunisia

Anda David and Mohamed Ali Marouani

This paper focuses on the emigration’s effects on non-migrants and particularly on the interactions with ... read more

Egypt’s Government Spending Multiplier: Its Size and Determinants

Sara B. Alnashar

Fiscal policy has a potentially significant role in generating real income and stimulating aggregate demand. ... read more

Regional Inequalities in Child Malnutrition in Egypt, Jordan and Yemen: A Blinder-Oaxaca Decomposition Analysis

Mesbah Sharaf and Ahmed Rashad

There is substantial evidence that on average, urban children have better health outcomes than rural ... read more

Gender and Labor Markets in Tunisia’s Lagging Regions

Lucia Hanmer , Edinaldo Tebaldi and Dorte Verner

There are significant differences between men and women’s labor market outcomes Tunisia. The size of ... read more

Education, Earnings and Returns to Schooling in Tunisia

Imed Limam and Abdelwahab Ben Hafaiedh

This paper aims at identifying the main determinants of earnings, estimating the private returns to ... read more

The Impact of the Action Plan For Promoting Employment and Combating Unemployment on Employment Informality in Algeria

Ali Souag and Ragui Assaad

This paper examines whether the Action Plan for Promoting Employment and Combating Unemployment, a labor ... read more

Women in the Tunisian Labor Market

Rim Mouelhi and Mohamed Goaied

This paper aims at analyzing the characteristics of female employment and unemployment in Tunisia and ... read more

What Drive Regional Economic Inequalities in Tunisia? Evidence From Unconditional Quantile Decomposition Analysis

Hatem Jemmali

This paper analyzes the level and main drivers of economic inequality among rural–urban, littoral-inland and ... read more

Marriage, Fertility, and Women’s Agency in Tunisia

Ragui Assaad , Samir Ghazouani and Caroline Krafft

Three important interconnected spheres shape women’s lives in Tunisia: marriage, fertility and agency over their ... read more

Public-Private Wage Differentials In Tunisia: Consistency and Decomposition

Mohamed Amara , Wajih Khallouli and Faicel Zidi

In this paper we estimate and decompose the public-private wage differentials for both rural and ... read more

Determinants and Macroeconomic Impact of Parallel Market For Foreign Exchange in Sudan

Ebaidalla Mahjoub Ebaidalla

This paper attempts to identify the factors that influencing the parallel exchange rate premium in ... read more