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ERF’s Working Papers Series disseminates work in progress in order to promote constructive debate and peer review.

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Migration Shocks and Housing: Evidence from the Syrian Refugee Crisis in Jordan

Ibrahim Al Hawarin , Ragui Assaad and Ahmed Elsayed

This paper investigates the impact of migration shocks on housing conditions and rental prices for ... read more


Do myopia and asymmetric information matter in the demand for social insurance?

Walid Merouani , Nacer-Eddine Hammouda and Claire El Moudden

This article challenges the topic of low demand for social insurance by exploring an original ... read more


The Commuting Gender Gap and Females’ Participation and Earnings in the Egyptian Labor Market

Maye Ehab

The length of commute time to work influence the access to employment opportunities and individuals’ ... read more


The Informalization of the Egyptian Economy (1998-2012): A Factor in Growing Wage Inequality?

Amirah El-Haddad and May Gadallah

Variations in hourly wage rates explain most of gross earnings inequality among all workers in ... read more


The Evolution of Wage Formation and Inequality in Jordan in 2010-2016

Rami Galal and Mona Said

This paper investigates wage formation and inequality in Jordan over the period 2010 to 2016 ... read more


The exceptional performance of exporters: Evidence from Egyptian firms

Ayhab Saad

This paper examines the manufacturing export market in Egypt after the Arab Spring using firm ... read more


Gender Diversity, Productivity, and Wages in Egyptian Firms

Mona Said , Rami Galal , Susan Joekes and Mina Sami

Women’s employment is not evenly distributed across sectors and this variance in gender diversity can ... read more


Why are Refugee Children Shorter than the Hosting Population? Evidence from Camps Residents in Jordan

Ahmed Rashad , Mesbah Sharaf and Elhussien Ibrahim Mansour

The literature on children’s health inequalities in refugee camps in Jordan remains sparse. We noticed ... read more



Inclusive services for youth in Cairo’s informal areas

Deena Khalil , Amr Abdelaal , Yasmin Khalafallah and Marwa Barakat

This paper studies access to basic services and infrastructure among youth populations in Cairo’s informal ... read more


The Macroeconomics of the Gold Economy in Sudan

Ibrahim Elbadawi and Kabbashi Suliman

After the secession of South Sudan and the resultant drop in oil exports, Sudan has ... read more


Household Asset Wealth and Female Labor Supply in MENA

Shireen Al Azzawi and Vladimir Hlasny

Female labor force participation rates in the Middle East and North Africa are low compared ... read more


Labor Market Policies and FDI Flows to GCC Countries

Wasseem Mina

The six oil-rich Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries adopted interventionist labor policies in the early ... read more



How to Use Oil Revenues Efficiently

Shantayanan Devarajan

Oil-rich countries systematically misallocate public expenditures relative to non-oil countries--by favoring consumption over capital, and ... read more


A Typology Analysis of Agricultural Empowerment Profiles in Rural Egypt with a Particular Focus on Women

Dina Najjar , Aymen Frija and Aman El Garhi

The current study examines the extent of empowerment for different types of women in Egypt’s ... read more