Upward or Downward: Occupational Mobility and Return Migration - Economic Research Forum (ERF)

Upward or Downward: Occupational Mobility and Return Migration

Nelly El-Mallakh and Jackline Wahba


Date:
June, 2016

NO.
1010

Length:
38 pages

Topic:
J6. Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers
F2. International Factor Movements and International Business

We study the extent to which temporary overseas migration enables returnees to climb the occupational ladder. Using data from Egypt, we examine the occupational mobility of returnees relative to non-migrants for the same labor market entrants’ cohort. We rely on instrumental variable approach but also employ a Difference-in-Differences, as well as Difference-in-Differences matching techniques to control for the endogeneity and selection into migration. We find evidence that return migration increases the probability of upward occupational mobility. However, the results suggest that only highly educated returnees climb the occupational ladder after return. Our findings underscore the role played by temporary overseas work experience in dampening potential brain drain concerns through the human capital enhancement of high educated return migrants.

ملخص

ندرس مدى تمكين الهجرة المؤقتة إلى الخارج للعائدين إلى تسلق السلم المهني. وباستخدام بيانات من مصر، ندرس الحراك النسبي المهني للعائدين لغير المهاجرين لنفس فوج الداخلين إلى سوق العمل. نعتمد على نهج متغير أساسي ولكن ايضا باستخدام الفرق في والاختلافات، مطابقة التقنيات للسيطرة على تأثير الجوانب الداخلية وبالتحديد للهجرة. نجد دليلا على أن عودة الهجرة يزيد من احتمال الحراك المهني التصاعدي. ومع ذلك، تشير النتائج إلى أن العائدين المتعلمين فقط هم اللذين يستطيعوا تسلق السلم المهني بعد العودة. النتائج التي توصلنا إليها تؤكد على الدور الذي تلعبه الخبرة في العمل في الخارج وتخفيف مخاوف هجرة الأدمغة المحتملة من خلال تعزيز رأس المال البشري من ارتفاع المهاجرين العائدين المتعلمين

Research Associates

Nelly El-Mallakh

Paris School of Economics and the Institut Convergences Migrations


Research Fellows

Jackline Wahba

Professor of Economics, University of Southampton, UK


Project

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