Women’s participation in Labor Market in Egypt: Constraints and Opportunities - Economic Research Forum (ERF)

Women’s participation in Labor Market in Egypt: Constraints and Opportunities

Hanan Nazier and Racha Ramadan

May, 2016


30 pages

J2. Demand and Supply of Labor
J. Labor and Demographic Economics

This research deals with female labor force participation and its determinants in the Egyptian society using the “Egypt Labor Market Panel Survey” (ELMPS) 2012.  More precisely, the paper studies the individual, households and community determinants of the Egyptian woman’s decision to enter the labor force. It answered the question on whether these determinants are affecting her decision to be employed or not and to be employed in the public sector or not, once she entered the labor force. Our results show that factors affecting women’s labor force participation decision are not the same and may not play the same role for their decision concerning her employment status, once they enter the labor market. Moreover, community context plays an important role in their labor force participation decision, but once an Egyptian woman enters the labor force, community context is not a significant determinant anymore concerning her employment status.


تدرس هذه الورقة مشاركة المرأة في قوة العمل ومحدداتها في المجتمع المصري باستخدام المسح التتبعى لسوق العمل في مصر لعلم 2012. وبعبارة أدق تدرس هذه الورقة محددات الفرد والأسر والمجتمع لقرار المرأة المصرية لدخول سوق العمل. وأجابت على سؤال ما إذا كانت هذه العوامل تؤثر على قرارها، وعلى عملها في القطاع العام. نتائجنا تظهر أن العوامل التي تؤثر في القوى العاملة وقرار مشاركة المرأة ليست هي نفسها، وقد لا تلعب نفس الدور لقرارها بشأن الوضع الوظيفي لها، بمجرد أن تدخل سوق العمل. وعلاوة على ذلك، يلعب سياق المجتمع دورا مهما في قرارها بالمشاركة في القوى العاملة، ولكن ما ان دخلت المرأة المصرية فى القوى العاملة، لا يعتبر السياق المجتمعي محورا هاما بشأن وضعها الوظيفي

Research Associates

Hanan Nazier

Associate professor Faculty of Economics and Political Science, Cairo University

Research Fellows

Racha Ramadan

Associate Professor, Faculty of Economics and Political Sciences, Cairo University



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