Twins, Family Size, and Female Labor Force Participation in Iran - Economic Research Forum (ERF)

Twins, Family Size, and Female Labor Force Participation in Iran

Mahdi Majbouri


Date:
September, 2016

NO.
1046

Length:
10 pages

Topic:
O5. Economywide Country Studies
J2. Demand and Supply of Labor
J1. Demographic Economics

Despite the rapid rise of women’s education and the fall of their fertility rates in Iran, female labor force participation remains low. This paper uses twins at first birth as an instrumental variable to estimate the impact of number of children on mothers’ participation in the labor market in Iran. It finds that every additional child reduces participation of mothers in urban areas by about 2 percentage points. No effect is found in rural areas. Implications are discussed.

ملخص

على الرغم من الارتفاع السريع لمعدلات تعليم المرأة وسقوط معدلات الخصوبة في إيران، لا تزال مشاركة المرأة في القوى العاملة متدنية. وتستخدم هذه الورقة التوائم عند الولادة الأولى كمتغير أساسي لتقدير تأثير عدد الأطفال على مشاركة الأمهات في سوق العمل في إيران. وجدت أن كل طفل إضافي يقلل من مشاركة الأمهات في المناطق الحضرية بنحو 2 نقطة مئوية. لم يتم العثور على أي أثر في المناطق الريفية. وتناقش الآثار المترتبة عليها

Research Associates

Mahdi Majbouri

Assistant Professor, Economics Division, Babson College, Wellesley, MA


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