Time Poverty in Egypt and Tunisia: Is There A Gender Gap? - Economic Research Forum (ERF)

Time Poverty in Egypt and Tunisia: Is There A Gender Gap?

Hanan Nazier and Asmaa Ezzat

September, 2018


42 pages

J7. Labor Discrimination
J2. Demand and Supply of Labor
J. Labor and Demographic Economics
J1. Demographic Economics

This paper investigates the gender differences in time poverty in two MENA countries, particularly Egypt and Tunisia, as well as examining its determinants across gender. To this end, we make use of data provided by the LMPS in Egypt (2012) and in Tunisia (2014) to estimate probit regressions to identify various determiners that explain time poverty. The empirical findings show that the probability of time poverty, in both countries, is lower for females compared to males. In addition, the determinants of time poverty (individual, household, and community variables) and their marginal effects differ across gender.


تبحث هذه الورقة الاختلافات بين الجنسين من حيث الفقر فر الوقت في مصر وتونس ، وكذلك دراسة محددات الاختلافات بين الرجال والنساء. تم الاعتماد علي بيانات المسح التتبعي لسوق العمل في مصر (2012) وفي تونس (2014) لتحديد مختلف المحددات التي تفسر الفقر في الوقت بالنسبة للجنسين. تُظهر النتائج أن احتمالية الفقر في الوقت، في كلا البلدين ، أقل بالنسبة للإناث مقارنة بالذكور. بالإضافة إلى ذلك ، تختلف محددات الفقر في الوقت (الفردية والأسرية والمجتمعية) وآثارها الحدية بين الجنسين

Research Associates

Hanan Nazier

Associate professor Faculty of Economics and Political Science, Cairo University


Asmaa Ezzat

Assistant Professor (Lecturer) at the Economics Department in Faculty of Economics and Political Science (FEPS), Cairo University



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