The exceptional performance of exporters: Evidence from Egyptian firms - Economic Research Forum (ERF)

This paper examines the manufacturing export market in Egypt after the Arab Spring using firm level census data from 2013. Exports are quite rare in Egypt, concentrated in a few industries and regions, and dominated by superstar exporters. The estimated conventional export premia are very high, except for firm productivity. Exporters have stark effects on labor market outcomes, including wages, employment, and demand for skilled and female workers, wage inequality, and job security. These findings have two important implications: (1) Manufacturing exports might be monopolized by large but not necessarily the most efficient firms, and (2) promoting exports could potentially improve labor market outcomes by providing good jobs, especially for college graduates and females.

ملخص

تبحث هذه الورقة في سوق صادرات الصناعات التحويلية في مصر بعد الربيع العربي وتستخدم   بيانات على مستوى الشركات من تعداد عام 2013.  والتصدير نادر جدا في مصر، ويتركز في عدد قليل من الصناعات والمناطق، ويهيمن عليه مصدرو القمة. تبين تقديرات عوائد الصادرات التقليدية أنها مرتفعة للغاية، باستثناء إجمالي إنتاجية العامل. وللمصدرين تأثير بالغ على نتائج سوق العمل، بما في ذلك الأجور، والعمالة، والطلب على العمال والعاملات المهرة، وكذلك على الأمن الوظيفي

Authors

Ayhab Saad

Assistant Professor of Development Economics at the Doha Institute for Graduate Studies


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