The Evolution of Labor Supply in Egypt from 1988-2018: A Gendered Analysis - Economic Research Forum (ERF)

The Evolution of Labor Supply in Egypt from 1988-2018: A Gendered Analysis

Caroline Krafft, Ragui Assaad and Caitlyn Keo

October, 2019


Economic Research Forum

J6. Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers
J2. Demand and Supply of Labor
J1. Demographic Economics
J. Labor and Demographic Economics

This paper investigates the character of labor supply and especially female labor force participation in Egypt and its evolution over the thirty-year span from 1988 to 2018 using various waves of the Egypt Labor Market Panel Survey. The paper pays particular attention to women’s labor force outcomes while examining trends in labor force participation, employment, and unemployment. The population and labor supply in Egypt are analyzed by demographic characteristics such as age, sex, educational attainment, and location. Demographic changes, including in age at marriage and fertility, are explored as important determinants of both labor supply and women’s participation.


Caroline Krafft

Assistant Professor of economics at St. Catherine University

Research Fellows

Ragui Assaad

Professor of Planning and Public Affairs, University of Minnesota


Caitlyn Keo

Economics Research Specialist at St. Catherine University



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