The Dynamics of Family Formation and Women’s Work: What Facilitates and Hinders Female Employment in the Middle East and North Africa? - Economic Research Forum (ERF)

The Dynamics of Family Formation and Women’s Work: What Facilitates and Hinders Female Employment in the Middle East and North Africa?

Irène Selwaness and Caroline Krafft


Date:
May, 2018

NO.
1192

Length:
40 pages

Topic:
C4. Econometric and Statistical Methods
N3. Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Welfare, Income, Wealth, Religion, and Philanthropy
J2. Demand and Supply of Labor
J1. Demographic Economics

This paper investigates the dynamic relationship between family formation and women’s employment, a previously unexplored aspect of female labor force participation in MENA region. The paper studies Egypt, Jordan and Tunisia, leveraging unique retrospective data on work, marriage, child bearing and child rearing. The time variation allows us to estimate discrete hazard models for the duration of different labor statuses. This paper examines three sets of outcomes: (1) duration in employment, (2) duration in non-employment, and (3) duration in different labor market states and specific types of work. Findings show that anticipating marriage and child-bearing are strongly associated with women’s employment outcomes. Non-employment is an absorbing state, particularly after marriage.

ملخص

تبحث هذه الورقة في العلاقة الديناميكية بين تكوين الأسرة وعمالة النساء وهو جانب لم يسبق استكشافه في مشاركة المرأة في القوى العاملة في منطقة الشرق الأوسط. تتناول هذه الورقة البحثية مصر والأردن وتونس، مستفيدة من بيانات استرجاعية فريدة عن العمل والزواج والحمل وتربية الأطفال. يسمح لنا تباين الوقت بين حالات العمل المختلفة بتقدير نماذج المخاطر المتقطعة لمدة تلك الحالات في سوق العمل. تبحث هذه الورقة في ثلاث مجموعات من النتائج: (1) المدة في التوظيف، (2) المدة في عدم التوظيف، (3) المدة في حالات سوق العمل المختلفة وأنواع محددة من العمل. وتظهر النتائج أن توقع الزواج وإنجاب الاطفال مرتبطان ارتباطا وثيقا بنتائج توظيف المرأة.  ويعتبر عدم التوظيف حالة امتصاص، خاصة بعد الزواج

Research Associates

Irène Selwaness

Assistant Professor, Faculty of Economics and Political Science, Cairo University


Authors

Caroline Krafft

Assistant Professor of economics at St. Catherine University


Project

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