Marriage, Fertility, and Women’s Agency in Tunisia - Economic Research Forum (ERF)

Marriage, Fertility, and Women’s Agency in Tunisia

Ragui Assaad, Samir Ghazouani and Caroline Krafft


Date:
November, 2017

NO.
1157

Length:
24 pages

Topic:
J1. Demographic Economics

Three important interconnected spheres shape women’s lives in Tunisia: marriage, fertility and agency over their lives and those of their families. This paper focuses on the forces that shape women’s choices and the patterns of their lives and how these choices and patterns have evolved over time. Specifically, the paper examines marriage decisions, such as whether and at what age women marry and what living arrangements they adopt at marriage. We also investigate the crucial decisions women and their husbands make vis-à-vis procreation, along with fertility correlates such as age and education level. Finally, we examine the scope of women’s agency over a variety of decisions, as well as the links between women’s employment and marital status. Relying on the Tunisia Labor Market Panel Survey (TLMPS) 2014 data, this paper highlights differences between urban and rural areas, different regions in Tunisia, and across women of different socio-economic statuses.

ملخص

هناك ثلاثة مجالات مترابطة هامة تشكل حياة المرأة في تونس: الزواج والخصوبة والوكالة على حياتهم وأسرهم. وتركز هذه الورقة على القوى التي تشكل خيارات المرأة وأنماط حياتها وكيف تطورت هذه الخيارات والأنماط على مر الزمن. وعلى وجه التحديد، تبحث الورقة القرارات المتعلقة بالزواج، مثل ما إذا كانت المرأة تتزوج وما هي ترتيبات المعيشة التي تعتمدها عند الزواج. كما نقوم بالتحقيق في القرارات الحاسمة التي تتخذها النساء وأزواجهن إزاء الإنجاب، إلى جانب الخصوبة المرتبطة مثل السن ومستوى التعليم. وأخيرا، ندرس نطاق وكالة المرأة بشأن مجموعة متنوعة من القرارات، فضلا عن الروابط بين عمل المرأة والحالة الاجتماعية. وبالاعتماد على بيانات مسح سوق العمل التونسي لعام 2014، تبرز هذه الورقة الاختلافات بين المناطق الحضرية والريفية، والمناطق المختلفة في تونس، وعبر النساء من مختلف الأوضاع الاجتماعية والاقتصادية

Research Fellows

Ragui Assaad

Professor of Planning and Public Affairs, University of Minnesota


Research Fellows

Samir Ghazouani

Full Professor of Econometrics, High Institute of Accounting & Business Administration (ISCAE, Manouba, Tunisia)


Authors

Caroline Krafft

Assistant Professor of economics at St. Catherine University


Project

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