Labor Market Dynamics and Youth Unemployment in the Middle East and North Africa: Evidence From Egypt, Jordan and Tunisia - Economic Research Forum (ERF)

Labor Market Dynamics and Youth Unemployment in the Middle East and North Africa: Evidence From Egypt, Jordan and Tunisia

Ragui Assaad and Caroline Krafft


Date:
April, 2016

NO.
993

Length:
55 pages

Topic:
J4. Particular Labor Markets
J6. Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers
J2. Demand and Supply of Labor

Abstract

Although it is well-established in the literature that unemployment is a labor market insertion problem in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA), the dynamics driving youth unemployment remain poorly understood. Using panel and retrospective data from the Labor Market Panel Surveys in Egypt, Jordan and Tunisia, we are able to substantially improve our understanding of youth unemployment in MENA by studying flows into and out of employment and unemployment. We also decompose trends in the unemployment rates in Egypt, Jordan, and Tunisia over the past decade into the contributions of individuals entering unemployment from outside the labor force and from previous employment, and changes in the duration of unemployment these individuals experience. Models for the incidence and duration of unemployment illustrate the relationship between individuals’ characteristics and their unemployment dynamics.

ملخص

 

 

على الرغم من أنها الفكرة راسخة في الأدب أن البطالة هي مشكلة الإدراج في سوق العمل في منطقة الشرق الأوسط وشمال أفريقيا، وديناميات القيادة بطالة الشباب الا أنها لا تزال غير مفهومة. باستخدام المسوحات والبيانات بأثر رجعي من المسوحات التتبعية لسوق العمل في مصر والأردن وتونس، نستطيع تحسين فهمنا لبطالة الشباب في الشرق الأوسط من خلال دراسة التدفقات من وإلى العمالة والبطالة. نقوم أيضا بتحليل الاتجاهات في معدلات البطالة في مصر والأردن وتونس على مدى العقد الماضي في مساهمات الأفراد الذين يدخلون البطالة من خارج القوى العاملة ومن العمل السابق، والتغيرات في مدة البطالة لهؤلاء الأفراد. توضح نماذج لحالات ومدة البطالة العلاقة بين خصائص الأفراد وديناميكية بطالتهم

Research Fellows

Ragui Assaad

Professor of Planning and Public Affairs, University of Minnesota


Caroline Krafft


Project

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