Inequality of Opportunities among Tunisian Children over Time and Space - Economic Research Forum (ERF)

Inequality of Opportunities among Tunisian Children over Time and Space

Hatem Jemmali


Date:
September, 2016

NO.
1048

Length:
29 pages

Topic:
D3. Distribution
O5. Economywide Country Studies
D6. Welfare Economics
O1. Economic Development

This paper attempts to provide additional light on the structure and dynamics of inequality of opportunity among Tunisian children during the period 2005-2010. The main steps involved in the analysis comprise: estimation of the Human Opportunity Index, assessment of the relative contributions of circumstances, and decomposition of variations in inequality of opportunity in the factors driving them across time and space. The results reveal reasonable and declining levels of inequality in access to some basic services at the national level, but increasing inequalities between regions with Inland area lagging the rest of the country. The number of siblings and parents’ education, wealth and location of residence are key factors causing such disparities. Without more inclusive and pro-poor policy actions, there are few chances for children belonging to the less advantaged circumstance groups to spring out of the poverty lived by their parents.

 

ملخص

تحاول هذه الورقة تسليط المزيد من الضوء على هيكل وديناميكية عدم تكافؤ الفرص بين الأطفال في تونس خلال الفترة 2005-2010. الخطوات الرئيسية التي تشارك في التحليل تشمل: تقدير مؤشر الفرص الإنسانية، وتقييم المساهمات النسبية من الظروف، والتحلل من الاختلافات في عدم تكافؤ الفرص في العوامل التي تدفع اليها عبر الزمان والمكان. وتكشف النتائج وجود مستويات معقولة وتراجع في عدم المساواة في الحصول على بعض الخدمات الأساسية على المستوى الوطني، ولكن تزداد عدم تكافؤ الفرص بين المناطق مع المنطقة الداخلية المتخلفة عن بقية البلاد. عدد الأشقاء والآباء والتعليم، والثروة ومكان الإقامة من العوامل الرئيسية المسببة لهذه الفوارق. دون إجراءات السياسة الأكثر شمولا ومناصرة للفقراء، هناك فرص قليلة للأطفال المنتمين إلى الجماعات الأقل حظا للخروج من الفقر الذي عاش فيه والديهم من قبل

Authors

Hatem Jemmali

Associate Professor, University of Manouba


Project

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