Impact of Syrian Refugees in Jordan on Education Outcomes for Jordanian Youth - Economic Research Forum (ERF)

Impact of Syrian Refugees in Jordan on Education Outcomes for Jordanian Youth

Ragui Assaad, Thomas Ginn and Mohamed Saleh

September, 2018


34 pages

N3. Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Welfare, Income, Wealth, Religion, and Philanthropy
F2. International Factor Movements and International Business
I2. Education and Research Institutions
O1. Economic Development

This paper examines the impact of Syrian refugees during the Syrian Civil War on the educational outcomes of Jordanians.  Outcomes we examine include school entry, school enrollment at various levels and advancement from one level to the next.  The project employs a unique data source, the 2016 Jordanian Labor Market Panel Survey that records retrospective educational outcomes for a nationally representative sample of Jordanians. We employ a difference-in-differences strategy that exploits cross-locality variation in exposure to Syrian refugees across cohorts before and during the influx of refugees. We find no evidence that greater exposure to Syrian refugee has affected the attainment of Jordanians. Evidence from the Ministry of Education’s Educational Management Information System (EMIS) suggests that Jordanian schools responded to the influx by adding a second shift in schools in high-Syrian areas, and that teacher-to-student ratio and classroom size are both unaffected by the influx.


تبحث هذه الورقة أثر اللاجئين السوريين خلال الحرب الأهلية السورية على النتائج التعليمية للأردنيين. وتشمل النتائج التي ندرسها دخول المدارس والالتحاق باها على مختلف المستويات وعلى التقدم من صف إلى آخر. يوظف المشروع مصدراً فريدا للبيانات، وهو مسح فريق سوق العمل الأردني لعام 2016 والذي يسجل نتائج تعليمية بأثر رجعي لعينة ممثلة على المستوى الوطني من الأردنيين. نحن نستخدم استراتيجية فرق الاختلاف التي تستخدم التباين بين المناطق المحلية في التعرض للاجئين السوريين عبر المجموعات قبل وأثناء تدفق اللاجئين. لا نجد أي دليل على أن زيادة التعرض للاجئين السوريين قد أثر على تحصيل الأردنيين. تشير الأدلة من نظام معلومات الإدارة التربوية التابع لوزارة التربية والتعليم إلى أن المدارس الأردنية استجابت للتدفق من خلال إضافة فترة ثانية في المدارس في المناطق ذات الكثافة العالية من السوريين، وأن نسبة المعلمين إلى الطلاب وحجم الفصول الدراسية لا تتأثر بالتدفق السوري

Research Fellows

Ragui Assaad

Professor of Planning and Public Affairs, University of Minnesota


Thomas Ginn

Stanford University

Research Fellows

Mohamed Saleh

Assistant Professor, Toulouse School of Economics (TSE) and Institute for Advanced Study in Toulouse (IAST)



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