Gender Discrimination in the Tunisian Labor Market: The Youth Crisis - Economic Research Forum (ERF)

Gender Discrimination in the Tunisian Labor Market: The Youth Crisis

Mohamed Amara, Wajih Khallouli and Faycel Zidi


Date:
December, 2018

NO.
1263

Length:
50 pages

Topic:
J7. Labor Discrimination
J2. Demand and Supply of Labor
J1. Demographic Economics

This paper combines micro-level and macro-level approaches into a unified empirical design to understand the gender gap in Tunisian labor market participation. We use a multilevel propensity score matching analysis in order to reduce selection bias by accounting for the random effects across areas in a hierarchical data structure. Our empirical evidence suggests that despite the admirable progresses in women’s rights and human capital in Tunisia, labor force participation rates are still higher for men than for women. This discrepancy between men and women in their labor market force participation generates a per capita income loss of 20 per cent.

ملخص

تجمع هذه الورقة بين مناهج المستوى الجزئي والمستوى الكلي في تصميم تجريبي موحد لفهم الفجوة بين الجنسين في مشاركة سوق العمل التونسي. نحن نستخدم تحليل مطابقة درجة ميل متعددة المستويات من أجل الحد من الانحياز في الاختيار عن طريق حساب التأثيرات العشوائية عبر المناطق في بنية بيانات هرمية. توحي أدلتنا التجريبية أنه على الرغم من التقدم المثير للإعجاب في حقوق المرأة ورأس المال البشري في تونس ، فإن معدلات المشاركة في القوى العاملة لا تزال أعلى بالنسبة للرجال منها بالنسبة للنساء. وهذا التناقض بين الرجال والنساء في المشاركة في قوة سوق العمل يولد خسارة في دخل الفرد تبلغ 20 في المائة

Authors

Mohamed Amara

Associate Professor, Higher School of Economic and Commercial Sciences of Tunis, University of Tunis


Authors

Wajih Khallouli

Associate Professor of Economics at Umm Al-Qura University


Authors

Faycel Zidi

• Assistant Professor, Higher School of Economic and Commercial Sciences of Tunis


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