Education of Jordanians: Outcomes in a Challenging Environment - Economic Research Forum (ERF)

Education of Jordanians: Outcomes in a Challenging Environment

Mahmoud Ali Hailat


Date:
September, 2018

NO.
1221

Length:
29 pages

Topic:
I2. Education and Research Institutions

This paper employs the Jordan Labor Market Panel Survey 2010 and 2016 waves to investigate the educational enrollment and attainment of Jordanians, as well as variations in school characteristics and student performance. While enrollment in education deteriorated slightly in 2016 compared to 2010, educational attainment has improved in 2016 relative to 2010. Household socioeconomic conditions, especially the wealth and education of parents, are related to enrollment in education and educational attainment. There are disparities in enrollment based on gender, between urban and rural areas, and across the Middle, North, and South regions. Enrollment rates were higher among females than males and the urban South region was disadvantaged. Disease, poverty, and the wishes of parents and individuals were the main barriers to entering education for the younger generations, while poverty, traditions, and lack of schools were the main barriers for older generations. The decline in lower levels of educational attainment was offset by more adults who obtained a university degree.

ملخص

تستخدم هذه الورقة استقصاء فريق سوق العمل الأردنية لعامي 2010 و 2016 للتحقيق في الالتحاق والتحصيل التعليمي للأردنيين ، وكذلك الاختلافات في خصائص المدرسة وأداء الطلاب. في حين أن نسبة الالتحاق بالتعليم تدهورت بشكل طفيف في عام 2016 مقارنة بعام 2010 ، فإن التحصيل العلمي قد تحسن في عام 2016 مقارنة بعام 2010. وترتبط الظروف الاجتماعية الاقتصادية الأسرية ، وخاصة ثروة وتعليم الوالدين ، بالتسجيل في التعليم والتحصيل التعليمي. هناك تباينات في القيد على أساس الجنس ، وبين المناطق الحضرية والريفية ، وعبر المناطق الوسطى والشمالية والجنوبية. فقد كانت معدلات الالتحاق أعلى بين الإناث مقارنة بالذكور وكانت منطقة الجنوب الحضرية محرومة. وكانت الأمراض والفقر ورغبات الآباء والأفراد هي العوائق الرئيسية أمام دخول الأجيال الشابة في التعليم ، في حين كان الفقر والتقاليد ونقص المدارس الحواجز الرئيسية للأجيال الأكبر سنا. وفى مقابل الانخفاض في المستويات الدنيا من التحصيل العلمي، زاد عددالبالغين الذين حصلوا على شهادات جامعية

Authors

Mahmoud Ali Hailat

Assistant Professor in Economics, Department of Economics, Yarmouk University


Project

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