Comparative Analysis of Higher Education Processes in Egypt, Jordan and Tunisia: An Examination of Pedagogy, Accountability and Perceptions of Quality - Economic Research Forum (ERF)

Comparative Analysis of Higher Education Processes in Egypt, Jordan and Tunisia: An Examination of Pedagogy, Accountability and Perceptions of Quality

Ragui Assaad and Caroline Krafft

December, 2016


23 pages

H1. Structure and Scope of Government
H4. Publicly Provided Goods
I2. Education and Research Institutions

In this paper, we present a comparison of several dimensions of higher education processes linked to educational quality across different types of higher education institutions in three MENA countries: Egypt, Jordan and Tunisia.  While an important comparison is across public and private institutions, we also distinguish across selective and non-selective institutions and by field of study.  To keep the comparison tractable, we restrict our analysis to two broad fields of study, namely information technology and business/commercial studies. The rationale for selecting these fields is that they are the ones where private sector institutions are likely to be more prevalent in all three countries, allowing for meaningful comparisons by sector of ownership.  The analysis is based on three similar surveys of higher education graduates from these two fields conducted by ERF with local partners in all three countries over the course of 2012 to 2015.


في هذه الورقة، نقدم مقارنة بين عدة أبعاد لعمليات التعليم العالي والتي ترتبط بجودة التعليم عبر أنواع مختلفة من مؤسسات التعليم العالي في ثلاثة بلدان في المنطقة وهي: مصر والأردن وتونس. وفي حين أن المقارنة المهمة هي عبر المؤسسات العامة والخاصة، نقوم أيضا بالتمييز بين المؤسسات الانتقائية وغير الانتقائية حسب مجال الدراسة. وللحفاظ على متابعة المقارنة، نحصر تحليلنا لاثنين من المجالات الواسعة للدراسة، وهي تكنولوجيا المعلومات والأعمال / الدراسات التجارية. الأساس المنطقي لاختيار هذه المجالات هو أنهم من المحتمل أن يكونوا الأكثر انتشارا في البلدان الثلاثة، مما يسمح بإجراء مقارنات ذات معنى بين مؤسسات القطاع الخاص. ويستند هذا التحليل على ثلاث دراسات مماثلة من خريجي التعليم العالي من هذين المجالين أجراه منتدى البحوث الاقتصادية مع الشركاء المحليين في البلدان الثلاثة على مدار الثلاثة أعوام من 2012-2015

Research Fellows

Ragui Assaad

Professor of Planning and Public Affairs, University of Minnesota


Caroline Krafft

Assistant Professor of economics at St. Catherine University



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