I use an original survey of firm employees in Morocco and Jordan to construct an index of political-connectedness that collapses several possible indicators of connectedness ...
This study investigates the triangular relationship among state-business relations, financial access and economic performance using firm-level data for selected Middle East and North African countries. ...
This paper focuses on the global integration of economic zones for the movement of knowledge and technology. Using the case of China’s Economic and Trade ...
Business and investment climate indicators are relations between the public and private sectors. They may take the form of formal, regular, and informal interactions and ...
Egypt Ranking in the World Competitiveness Report deteriorated between 2004 and 2017. Boosting competitiveness requires reforms on several important fronts, but raising labor productivity and ...
This paper uses an ordered probit model to empirically assess the determinants of the digital
Foreign language skills represent a form of human capital that can be rewarded in the
The Middle East is fortunate to have large endowments of oil and gas. The economies
The diversity of MENA countries’ exports has increased together with flows of FDI to the
This paper investigates the long-run effects of public debt and inflation on economic growth. Our
The purpose of the current paper is to inform the open dialogue on further development
This paper examines the dynamic relationship between global factors and herding behavior in the oil-rich
The last thirty years have witnessed a general liberalization process of merchandize trade flows. Indeed,
This paper studies the optimal public investment decisions in countries experiencing a resource windfall. To
This paper aims to provide the recent developments on the supplementary education system in Turkey.
Jordan and Tunisia are two non-oil exporting MENA countries characterized by high unemployment rates and
The global crisis had a negative impact on growth and unemployment in Jordan and this