I use an original survey of firm employees in Morocco and Jordan to construct an index of political-connectedness that collapses several possible indicators of connectedness ...
This study investigates the triangular relationship among state-business relations, financial access and economic performance using firm-level data for selected Middle East and North African countries. ...
This paper focuses on the global integration of economic zones for the movement of knowledge and technology. Using the case of China’s Economic and Trade ...
Business and investment climate indicators are relations between the public and private sectors. They may take the form of formal, regular, and informal interactions and ...
Egypt Ranking in the World Competitiveness Report deteriorated between 2004 and 2017. Boosting competitiveness requires reforms on several important fronts, but raising labor productivity and ...
In spite of the fact that demand for water and electricity in the West Bank
The objective of this paper is to analyze the evolution of productivity and the contribution
To date, there has been relatively limited literature treating the impact of financial crises on
Egypt has gone through a period of dramatic, albeit slow, economic reform and trade liberalization
This paper examines the effect of increased local supply of schooling on intergenerational mobility in
This paper investigates the impact of exchange rate volatility on macroeconomic performance in Sudan, focusing
We identify conditions under which the political elite may overcompensate the loss of de jure
The money supply process is assumed to be fixed in economic literature or at least
This paper investigates the nature of the output-employment relationship by using the Turkish quarterly data
We investigate the determinants of the distribution of FDI across greenfield investment and mergers and
We explore the effect of foreign direct investment on economic growth in developing countries, distinguishing
In this paper, I develop a Proxy Means Tests (PMT) model and examine several targeting
The manufacturing sector in Morocco emerged in the sixties and early seventies with the support
This paper investigates the determinants of vertical integration in the Egyptian clothing industry. High-end market
This paper investigates macro-financial linkages in Egypt using two complementary methods, assessing the interaction between
The purpose of this study is to identify the urbanization–related determinants of two key political