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ERF’s Working Papers Series disseminates work in progress in order to promote constructive debate and peer review.

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Contribution of Structural Change to Productivity Growth: Evidence from Tunisia

Mohamed Ali Marouani and Rim Mouelhi

The objective of this paper is to analyze the evolution of productivity and the contribution ... read more


Banking and Monetary Crises: Impacts on Exports of MENA Countries

Mohamed Ben Abdallah and Zouheir Bouchaddakh

To date, there has been relatively limited literature treating the impact of financial crises on ... read more


Did Trade Liberalization Benefit Female Workers? Evidence on Wage and Employment Effects from Egypt

Shireen Al Azzawi

Egypt has gone through a period of dramatic, albeit slow, economic reform and trade liberalization ... read more


Does Improved Local Supply of Schooling Enhance Intergenerational Mobility in Education? Evidence from Jordan

Ragui Assaad and Mohamed Saleh

This paper examines the effect of increased local supply of schooling on intergenerational mobility in ... read more


Impact of Exchange Rate Volatility on Macroeconomic Performance in Sudan

Ebaidalla Mahjoub Ebaidalla

This paper investigates the impact of exchange rate volatility on macroeconomic performance in Sudan, focusing ... read more


Different Arab Springs? The Political Elite and De facto Political Power

Mina Baliamoune Lutz

We identify conditions under which the political elite may overcompensate the loss of de jure ... read more


Estimating Money Demand Function by a Smooth Transition Regression Model: An Evidence for Turkey

Afsin Sahin

The money supply process is assumed to be fixed in economic literature or at least ... read more


Output-Employment Relationship across Sectors: A Long- versus Short-Run Perspective

Afsin Sahin , Aysit Tansel and Hakan Berument

This paper investigates the nature of the output-employment relationship by using the Turkish quarterly data ... read more




Proxy Means Tests for Targeting Subsidies Scheme in Iran

Mohamed Bakhshoodeh

In this paper, I develop a Proxy Means Tests (PMT) model and examine several targeting ... read more


Structural Transformation and Industrial Policy in Morocco

Lahcen Achy

The manufacturing sector in Morocco emerged in the sixties and early seventies with the support ... read more


Political Patronage and Economic Opportunity: The Case of Vertical Integration in the Egyptian Clothing Industry

Amirah El-Haddad

This paper investigates the determinants of vertical integration in the Egyptian clothing industry. High-end market ... read more


Macro-Financial Linkages in Egypt: A Panel Analysis of Economic Shocks and Loan Portfolio Quality

Inessa Love and Rima Turk Ariss

This paper investigates macro-financial linkages in Egypt using two complementary methods, assessing the interaction between ... read more


The Impact of Urbanization on Political Outcomes in Turkey

Cem Baslevent

The purpose of this study is to identify the urbanization–related determinants of two key political ... read more


Partis islamistes, Pouvoir et Etat profond dans le monde arabe: analyse en termes du Principal-Agent

Brahim ElMorchid

The arrival of Islamist parties to power in some Arab countries (Egypt, Tunisia and Morocco) ... read more