Policy Briefs Archives - Economic Research Forum (ERF)

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ERF’s Policy Briefs provide advice and best practice to stakeholders on the basis of policy relevant research.

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Policy Briefs

The Use of ICT and Employment Generation

Yilmaz Kilicaslan and Ünal Töngür

In a nutshell The World Bank (2016) estimates that 57 percent of workers in ... read more


Competitive Real Exchange Rates Are Good for the Poor: Evidence from Egyptian Household Surveys

Ibrahim Elbadawi and Eman Refaat

In a nutshell The real exchange rate (RER) is an economy-wide relative price, closely ... read more



Capital Raising Activity and Firm Growth in the Arab Region

Juan Jose Cortina Lorente , Soha Ismail and Sergio L. Schmukler

In a nutshell Capital raising through equity, bond, and syndicated loan markets by firms ... read more



The Wellbeing of Syrian Refugees: Shifting from Humanitarian to Developmental Response in Jordan

Caroline Krafft and Maia Sieverding

In a nutshell Syrian refugees in Jordan are a very young population, disproportionately in female-headed households ... read more


The Impact of the Syrian Refugee Influx on the Education and Housing Outcomes of Jordanians

Ragui Assaad

In a nutshell Jordan was on a path of improving educational outcomes and improved housing quality ... read more


The Impact of the Syrian Refugee Influx on the Jordanian Labour Market

Jackline Wahba

In a nutshell The slowdown in economic growth in Jordan predates the Syrian refugee influx. Between 2010 ... read more


Can Sovereign Wealth Funds Mitigate the Negative Impact of Volatility?

Kamiar Mohaddes and Mehdi Raissi

In a nutshell Commodity price volatility harms economic growth of natural resource dependent countries, which tends ... read more


Politics Affect Exports in Egypt

Nora Aboushady and Chahir Zaki

In a nutshell Investment-related regulations are a major determinant of the firm’s decision to expand its ... read more


Reforming Rules of Origin in Greater Arab Free Trade Area for Effective Economic Integration

Bashar Hikmet Malkawi

Free trade agreements are about reducing tariffs, market access in services, protection of intellectual property ... read more


Measures to Protect Poor Sudanese Households from the Risks of Catastrophic Health Expenditures

Mohammed Elhaj Mustafa and Ebaidalla Mahjoub Ebaidalla

Due to the absence of universal health insurance coverage in Sudan, particularly among poor, out-of-pocket ... read more


Scientifically-Supported Economic Incentive Approaches for the Long Term Sustainability of Atlantic Bluefin Tuna Fisheries

Rashid Sumaila

Atlantic Bluefin Tuna is an important fishery in the Mediterranean Sea; The effectiveness of the current ... read more


Currency-Plus-Commodity Basket: A Proposal for a New Exchange Rate Arrangement for Gulf Oil-Exporting Countries

Jeffrey A. Frankel

In a nutshell • Oil-exporting countries have experienced huge swings in the dollar price of oil ... read more


The Political Realities of Economic Reform in the Gulf Monarchies

Michael Herb

In a nutshell • Economic diversification in the Gulf Cooperation Council monarchies requires labor market reforms. • ... read more