Income Level and Environmental Quality in MENA Countries: Discussing the Environmental Kuznets Curve Hypothesis - Economic Research Forum (ERF)

Income Level and Environmental Quality in MENA Countries: Discussing the Environmental Kuznets Curve Hypothesis

Topic: Q5. Environmental Economics D6. Welfare Economics


Status:
completed Project


This study investigates the relationship between carbon dioxide emissions, energy consumption, and real GDP for 12 MENA countries. The results show that in the long-run, energy consumption increases CO2 emissions. More interestingly, real GDP exhibits a non-linear relationship with CO2 emissions in the region as a whole, confirming that environmental degradation occurs below some income threshold. However, the turning point is not the same for all MENA countries, meaning that not all countries need to sacrifice economic growth to decrease their emissions.

Research Fellows

Mohamed El Hedi Arouri

Professor of Finance and Sustainable Economics, Université Nice Sophia-Antipolis


Research Fellows

Adel Ben Youssef

Professor of Economics – University of Nice Sophia-Antipolis


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