Unemployment and Violent Extremism: Evidence from Daesh Foreign Recruits - Economic Research Forum (ERF)

Unemployment and Violent Extremism: Evidence from Daesh Foreign Recruits

Mohamed Abdel Jelil, Kartika Bhatia, Anne Brockmeyer, Quy-Toan Do and Cl´ement Joubert


Date:
February, 2019

NO.
1293

Length:
38 pages

Topic:
Z1.
F5. International Relations, National Security, and International Political Economy
E2. Consumption, Saving, Production, Investment, Labor Markets, and Informal Economy

Transnational terrorist organizations such as the Islamic State (also known as Daesh) have shown an ability to attract radicalized individuals from many countries to join their ranks, and perpetrate attacks around the world. Using a novel data set that reports countries of residence and educational levels of a large sample of Daesh’s foreign recruits, we find that a lack of economic opportunities – measured by unemployment rates disaggregated by country and education level – explains foreign enrollment in the terrorist organization, especially for countries that are geographically closer to Syria.

Authors

Mohamed Abdel Jelil

World Bank


Anne Brockmeyer


Project

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