Is There A Triple Dividend Effect from A Tax on Fertilizer Use? A Computable General Equilibrium Approach - Economic Research Forum (ERF)

Is There A Triple Dividend Effect from A Tax on Fertilizer Use? A Computable General Equilibrium Approach

Abeer Elshennawy

May, 2011


28 pages

Economic Research Forum (ERF)

D. Microeconomics

Although the existence of an environmental dividend to green taxes is beyond dispute, the same is not true for the efficiency or double dividend. Given the wide spread excess fertilizer use by farmers in Egypt with serious repercussions for water pollution and contamination of agriculture goods, using a static CGE model, this research attempts at assessing the magnitude of the double dividend from the imposition of a tax on fertilizer use. The paper further assesses whether there is a triple dividend affect from improved market access to agricultural goods following the reduction in fertilizer use.

Arabic Abstract:

على الرغم من أن وجود عائد الضرائب البيئية غير قابلة للجدال، الا ان الأمر نفسه لا ينطبق على الكفاءة أو الفائدة المزدوجة. ونظرا للانتشار الواسع لاستخدام الأسمدة من قبل المزارعين في مصر ومع التداعيات الخطيرة لتلوث المياه وتلوث السلع الزراعية،يحاول هذا البحث تقييم حجم الأرباح المضاعفة من فرض ضريبة على استخدام الأسمدة وذلك باستخدام نموذج CGE،وتواصل الورقة تقييم ما إذا كان هناك تأثير أرباح ثلاثي من تحسين الوصول إلى الأسواق للسلع الزراعية في أعقاب خفض استخدام الأسمدة.

Abeer Elshennawy

Associate Professor at the American University in Cairo



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