Trends and Patterns of Women's Enterpreneurship in Egypt - Economic Research Forum (ERF)

Trends and Patterns of Women’s Enterpreneurship in Egypt

Reham Rizk and Ali Rashed


Date:
November, 2019

NO.
1369

Publisher:
Economic Research Forum

Topic:
D2. Production and Organizations
J6. Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers
J2. Demand and Supply of Labor

This paper conducts a detailed analysis of the trends and patterns of women’s role in household non-agricultural enterprises in Egypt. The paper uses the Egypt Labor Market Panel Survey (ELMPS) waves of 1998, 2006, 2012 and 2018. First, the paper examines whether households have enterprises and how this varies across female and male-headed households over time. Second, it investigates whether men and women own enterprises and how this differs by their characteristics. Third, it investigates the characteristics of women-owned enterprises vis-à-vis men. Finally, it examines the gendered patterns of participation in enterprises. The findings demonstrate that women are less likely to engage in or own non-agricultural enterprises than men.

Although the trend in participation in enterprises has been declining for men, it has been flat for women. Women-owned enterprises are more likely to be informal, have less capital, and be homebased.

 

Research Associates

Reham Rizk

Assistant Professor, British University in Egypt


Authors

Ali Rashed


Project

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