The Real Effects of Credit Supply Disruptions: The Case of 2011 Embezzlement Scandal in Iran - Economic Research Forum (ERF)

The Real Effects of Credit Supply Disruptions: The Case of 2011 Embezzlement Scandal in Iran

Sajad Ebrahimi, Ali Ebrahimnejad and Mahdi Rastad

July, 2019


Economic Research Forum

E4. Money and Interest Rates
G2. Financial Institutions and Services
E2. Consumption, Saving, Production, Investment, Labor Markets, and Informal Economy

In this paper we study the effect of credit market disruptions on real decisions in a firm. We use firm-level data on employment for a sample of Iranian public firms. We construct a new hand-collected dataset on bank-firm relationship. As for the source of credit supply disruption, we use the 2011 Iranian banking fraud that impacted the credit access for connected firms. Using a difference in difference approach, we compare how employment is affected by credit supply for the impacted firms (connected to a troubled bank) vs. non-impacted ones (connected to a non-troubled bank). Our findings show that a sudden dry up in the credit supply channel is followed by a drop in employment, especially in smaller and more financially constrained firms. Our results highlight the importance of the credit supply channel and the hidden costs of financial scandals on the real side of the economy.


Sajad Ebrahimi

Monetary and Banking Research Institute


Ali Ebrahimnejad

Assistant Professor of Financial Economics at the Graduate School of Management and Economics


Mahdi Rastad

Department of Finance, Orfalea College of Business, California Polytechnic State University



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