In this paper we investigate the possible occurrence of patterns in macroeconomic policy targeting and instruments used in some less developed countries where unscheduled regime transfers may occur. The patterns are held to correspond to those stipulated by Hibbs in his Partisan Theory for advanced democracies after due allowance is made for the nature of government and modes of regime transfer. The investigation is undertaken with special reference to the Sudan, a country which has witnessed dramatic political changes that assumed the form of eight alternating regimes in the shape of civilian democracies and military dictatorships since its independence in 1956. In particular, we trace the evidence on quasi-political business cycles in output growth and inflation; and on quasi-budget cycles in deficits and instruments. Patterns on the form of use of policy instruments through reliance on monetary policy surprises are also investigated. Empirical results obtained generally point to the possible presence of eco-political patterns similar in principle to those operable in the case of developed countries but with some distinct differences in nature and rhythm.
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