Out of Pocket Health Expenditure and Household Budget: Evidence from Arab Countries - Economic Research Forum (ERF)

Out of Pocket Health Expenditure and Household Budget: Evidence from Arab Countries

Reham Rizk and Hala Abou-Ali

December, 2016


12 pages

I1. Health
I2. Education and Research Institutions

This paper assesses the prevalence of out-of-pocket catastrophic health expenditure and pinpoints the factors associated with its risk in Egypt and Palestine. Data used in this research is obtained from the ERF Harmonized Household Income and Expenditure Surveys for Egypt and Palestine in 2010/2011. Finite mixed models are applied to assess the socio-economic indicators of catastrophic impacts of out-of-pocket health expenditure. The results suggest that rich households are more likely to incur catastrophic health expenditure compared to the poor households. The probability of catastrophic health expenditure is higher in rural areas and among elderly household members.


نقوم في هذه الورقة بتقييم انتشار الإنفاق (الخارج من الجيب) الصحي الكارثي وربط ذلك بالعوامل الخطرة المرتبطة به في مصر وفلسطين. يتم الحصول على البيانات المستخدمة في هذا البحث من مسوحات دخل الأسرة والإنفاق لمصر وفلسطين في 2010/2011 والذي يصدره منتدى البحوث الاقتصادية. وتطبق نماذج مختلطة محدودة لتقييم المؤشرات الاجتماعية والاقتصادية للآثار الكارثية من الإنفاق على الرعاية الصحية خارج الجيب. وتشير النتائج إلى أن الأسر الغنية هم أكثر عرضة لتكبد النفقات الصحية الباهظة مقارنة مع الأسر الفقيرة. احتمال الإنفاق الصحي الكارثي هو أعلى في المناطق الريفية وبين أفراد الأسرة المسنين

Reham Rizk

Research Fellows

Hala Abou-Ali

Professor, Cairo University



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