On the Impact of Household Asset level and Inequality on Inter-governorate Migration: Evidence from Egypt - Economic Research Forum (ERF)

On the Impact of Household Asset level and Inequality on Inter-governorate Migration: Evidence from Egypt

Mohamed El Hedi Arouri and Nguyen Viet Cuong


Date:
April, 2018

NO.
1182

Length:
26 pages

Topic:
R2. Household Analysis
D6. Welfare Economics
O1. Economic Development

We investigate whether the level and the inequality of household assets impact inter-governorate migration in Egypt using gravity models and data from the 1996 and 2006 Population and Housing Censuses of Egypt. We find that people tend to move to the governorates with higher asset level and higher asset inequality. This suggests that there is a positive association between inequality and economic growth. Areas with high economic level and inequality attract more migrants than areas with low economic level and inequality. Moreover, our findings suggest that unlike non-work migration, the low level of assets in original governorate is a push factor of work migration.

ملخص

في هذه الدراسة نبحث فيما إذا كان لمستوى الأصول لدى الأسر المعيشية وﻋدم اﻟﻣﺳﺎواة فيها ﯾؤﺛر ﻋﻟﯽ اﻟﮭﺟرة ﺑﯾن اﻟﻣﺣﺎﻓظﺎت ﻓﻲ ﻣﺻر. وﺑﺎﺳﺗﺧدام ﻧﻣﺎذج وﺑﯾﺎﻧﺎت الجذب ﻣن ﺗﻌدادى اﻟﺳﮐﺎن واﻹﺳﮐﺎن ﻓﻲ ﻣﺻر ﻟﻌﺎمى 1996 و2006 تبين لنا أن الناس يميلون إلى الانتقال إلى المحافظات ذات مستوى الأصول العالي وعدم المساواة في الأصول بها. وهذا يشير إلى وجود علاقة إيجابية بين عدم المساواة والنمو الاقتصادي. فالمناطق ذات المستوى الاقتصادي العالي وعدم المساواة تجذب المزيد من المهاجرين أكثر من المناطق ذات المستوى الاقتصادي المنخفض وعدم المساواة في تلك الأصول بها. علاوة على ذلك، توحي نتائجنا أنه على عكس الهجرة لغير العمل، فإن انخفاض مستوى الأصول في المحافظة الأصلية يعتبر عامل دفع للهجرة للعمل

Research Fellows

Mohamed El Hedi Arouri

Professor of Finance and Sustainable Economics, Université Nice Sophia-Antipolis


Authors

Nguyen Viet Cuong

Institute of Public Policy and Management at the National Economics University in Hanoi


Project

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