Migration Patterns and Labor Market Outcomes in Tunisia - Economic Research Forum (ERF)

Migration Patterns and Labor Market Outcomes in Tunisia

Anda David and Mohamed Ali Marouani


Date:
December, 2017

NO.
1166

Length:
29 pages

Topic:
J1. Demographic Economics

This paper focuses on the emigration’s effects on non-migrants and particularly on the interactions with labor market outcomes in Tunisia before and after the revolution. We conduct an in-depth analysis of the structure and dynamics of migration including the migrants’ profile and their origin households, mainly in terms of skills and spatial composition. Our analysis confirms the role of emigration as a security valve for the Tunisian labor market. It also tends to confirm the effects of remittances on non-migrants’ labor supply, which can have a negative impact on Tunisia’s unemployment rate when a crisis in destination countries lowers remittances.

ملخص

تركز هذه الورقة على آثار الهجرة على غير المهاجرين وخاصة على التفاعل مع نتائج سوق العمل في تونس قبل وبعد الثورة. ونجري تحليلا متعمقا لهيكل وديناميات الهجرة بما في ذلك صورة المهاجرين وأسرهم الأصلية، ولا سيما من حيث المهارات والتكوين المكاني. ويؤكد تحليلنا دور الهجرة كصمام أمان لسوق العمل التونسي. كما أنها تميل إلى تأكيد آثار التحويلات على إمدادات العمالة من غير المهاجرين، مما قد يؤثر سلبا على معدل البطالة في تونس عندما تؤدي أزمة في بلدان المقصد إلى خفض التحويلات

Authors

Anda David

Research Officer with the Research and Development Division of the Agence Française de Développement.


Research Fellows

Mohamed Ali Marouani

Associate Professor, Université Paris1-Panthéon-Sorbonne


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