Is there Feminization of Poverty in Egypt? - Economic Research Forum (ERF)

Is there Feminization of Poverty in Egypt?

Shireen Al Azzawi

July, 2015


20 pages

I3. Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty
O1. Economic Development

This paper uses five cross sections of newly released Household Income, Expenditure and Consumption Survey data to determine whether there has been feminization of poverty in Egypt during the last 15 years. The period of study is one during which poverty as a whole has been increasing, and major economic, social and political changes took place. Results suggest that poverty is more prevalent among female headed households when compared to male headed households, but that married couple households are in fact poorer than both for most of the years under study. The rural-urban divide is also a very important factor determining poverty.




 تستخدم هذه الورقة خمسة مقاطع عرضية من بيانات المسح الصادر حديثا عن دخل الأسرة، الإنفاق والاستهلاك لتحديد ما إذا كان هناك تأنيث للفقر في مصر خلال السنوات الخمسة عشر الماضية. يظهر خلال فترة الدراسة أن الفقر ككل قد تزايد، وحدثت تغيرات اقتصادية واجتماعية وسياسية كبرى. وتشير النتائج إلى أن الفقر أكثر انتشارا بين الأسر التي ترأسها الإناث بالمقارنة مع الأسر التي يترأسها الذكور، إلا أن الأسر التي يترأسها الزوجين هي في الواقع أكثر فقرا من كل الأسر من لمعظم السنوات قيد الدراسة. الفجوة بين الريف والحضر هو أيضا عامل مهم جدا تحديد الفقر

Research Fellows

Shireen Al Azzawi

Lecturer, Department of Economics, Santa Clara University, CA, USA



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