Factors Influencing Informal Workers’ Participation in Health Insurance in Sudan: Evidence from Khartoum and Kassala States - Economic Research Forum (ERF)

Factors Influencing Informal Workers’ Participation in Health Insurance in Sudan: Evidence from Khartoum and Kassala States

Mohammed Elhaj Mustafa Ali and Ebaidalla Mahjoub Ebaidalla

March, 2019


44 pages

H5. National Government Expenditures and Related Policies
E2. Consumption, Saving, Production, Investment, Labor Markets, and Informal Economy
I1. Health

This study investigates the factors that influence the participation of the informal workers in health insurance program in two Sudanese states, namely, Kassala and Khartoum. To this end, the study relies on primary data collected from 742 informal workers in these two states. Both qualitative and quantitative techniques have beenadopted to carry out the intended investigation. The analysis indicates that factors such as respondent’ age, wealth status, chronic disease status, morbidity, health insurance awareness, health-seeking behavior and proximity to health care facilities arethe most significant factors affecting informal workers’ engagement in health insurance system. The result also reveals that being residing in urban areas lowers the probability of joining health insurance membership in the full, Kassala and Khartoum samples. Both monetary income and average years of schooling are found to contribute positively in raising the likelihood of voluntary enrollment in health insurance. These findings still hold under different robustness checks, confirming the existence of barriers that prevent a huge portion of the informal workers from voluntary enrollment in health insurance. Finally, the paper ends with some recommendations aimedat enhancing the role of NHIF in accommodating the informal workers and achieving universal health coverage.


Mohammed Elhaj Mustafa Ali

Assistant Professor, University of Kassala

Research Associates

Ebaidalla Mahjoub Ebaidalla

Assistant Professor, Faculty of Economic and Social Studies, University of Khartoum



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