Exploring the Determinants of Welfare Distribution in Tunisia and Egypt Using a Welfare Generation Model - Economic Research Forum (ERF)

The present paper intends to identify the main driving factors of the distribution of welfare in Tunisia and Egypt. We present a regression-based method to compare the labor market and demographic characteristics in both countries, as well as their impact on the distribution of consumption expenditures. For this, we develop a welfare generation model to generate estimates for the contribution of different demographics and labor characteristics for each country to welfare. This allows us to capture differences in both returns in employment and demographic characteristics. In this paper, we present the welfare generation model and its estimation results. These suggest that the most relevant factors in explaining the distribution of welfare are similar in Tunisia and Egypt. Some specific characteristics, such as education and regional characteristics, have a different impact in each country.

ملخص

وتنوي هذه الورقة إلى تحديد العوامل الرئيسية الدافعة للتوزيع الرعاية الاجتماعية في تونس ومصر. ونحن نقدم وسيلة القائم على الانحدار مقارنة سوق العمل والخصائص الديموغرافية في كلا البلدين، وكذلك تأثيرها على توزيع نفقات الاستهلاك. لهذا، ونحن نطور نموذج الجيل الرعاية لتوليد تقديرات للمساهمة التركيبة السكانية المختلفة وخصائص العمل في كل بلد على الرعاية الاجتماعية. وهذا يسمح لنا لالتقاط الفروق في كل من العائدات في العمل والخصائص الديموغرافية. في هذه الورقة، ونحن تقديم نموذج الجيل الرعاية والنتائج تقديره. هذه تشير إلى أن العوامل الأكثر أهمية في شرح توزيع الرفاه مماثلة في تونس ومصر. بعض خصائص محددة، مثل التعليم والخصائص الإقليمية، يكون لها تأثير مختلف في كل بلد

Research Associates

Yosr Abid-Fourati

Expert in governance and regional public management, German Cooperation - GIZ, Tunisia


Cathal O’Donoghue


Denisa Sologon


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