Contribution of Structural Change to Productivity Growth: Evidence from Tunisia - Economic Research Forum (ERF)

Contribution of Structural Change to Productivity Growth: Evidence from Tunisia

Mohamed Ali Marouani and Rim Mouelhi


Date:
October, 2013

NO.
785

Length:
25 pages

Topic:
O4. Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity
O1. Economic Development

The objective of this paper is to analyze the evolution of productivity and the contribution of structural change to productivity growth in Tunisia since the mid eighties. Using sectoral and firm data we show that productivity increased at a relatively interesting pace, but that the contribution of structural change remained very limited. Trade and labor market reforms did not seem to increase it. The main reasons are barriers to entry in some sectors, the inefficiency of factor markets, and the focus of the firms’ upgrading program only on some selected sectors.

 

ملخص

الهدف من هذه الورقة هو تحليل تطور إنتاجية ومساهمة التغيير الهيكلي إلى نمو الإنتاجية في تونس منذ منتصف الثمانينات. باستخدام البيانات القطاعية وبيانات الشركات يتبين لنا زيادة الإنتاجية بوتيرة مثيرة للاهتمام نسبيا، إلا أن مساهمة التغيير الهيكلي ظلت محدودة جدا. اما إصلاحات السوق والتجارة والعمل لا يبدو لهم زياده. الأسباب الرئيسية هي العوائق أمام الدخول في بعض القطاعات، وعدم كفاءة أسواق وعوامل الإنتاج، والتركيز على برنامج تطوير الشركات فقط فى بعض القطاعات المحددة.
Research Fellows

Mohamed Ali Marouani

Associate Professor, Université Paris1-Panthéon-Sorbonne


Research Fellows

Rim Mouelhi

Professor of Economics and Statistics at ISCAE, Manouba University


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