Armed Conflict and Child Labor: Evidence from Iraq - Economic Research Forum (ERF)

Armed Conflict and Child Labor: Evidence from Iraq

George Naufal, Michael Malcolm and Vidya Diwakar

September, 2018


26 pages

N3. Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Welfare, Income, Wealth, Religion, and Philanthropy
D7. Analysis of Collective Decision-Making
J1. Demographic Economics

This paper examines the relationship between armed conflict intensity and child labor using household level data from Iraq and taking advantage of a quasi-experimental setup. Armed conflict intensity is measured as the number of deaths related to conflict and child labor is separated by type of work: economic and household. After controlling for individual and household characteristics that determine child labor, we find that armed conflict intensity is associated with a higher likelihood of economic child labor, but is not associated with changes in household labor. These results provide further evidence of the long-term costs of war on households.


تبحث هذه الورقة العلاقة بين كثافة النزاع المسلح وعمالة الأطفال باستخدام بيانات مستوى الأسرة من العراق في إطار شبه إعداد تجريبي. يتم قياس كثافة النزاعات المسلحة حيث يجرى فصل عدد الوفيات المتعلقة بالنزاع وعمالة الأطفال حسب نوع العمل: إقتصادي أو منزلي. فبعد عزل الخصائص الفردية والمنزلية التي تحدد عمالة الأطفال، نجد أن كثافة الصراع المسلح ترتبط باحتمال أكبر لعمالة الأطفال الاقتصادية ، ولكنها لا ترتبط بالتغيرات في العمالة المنزلية. توفر هذه النتائج دليلاً آخر على ما تكلفته الأسر من الحرب على المدى الطويل


George Naufal

Assistant Research scientist at the Public Policy Research Institute (PPRI)


Michael Malcolm

Associate Professor of economics at West Chester University


Vidya Diwakar

Researcher in the Chronic Poverty Advisory NetworK



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