In a nutshell Gender inequality constrains the economic development of Arab countries. The level of gender inequality varies significantly between Arab countries, and depends, inter alia, on ...
In a nutshell Public procurement comprises a significant part of GDP in both developing and developed countries. I provide fundamental conditions for cost-effective public procurement using empirical ...
In a nutshell The World Bank (2016) estimates that 57 percent of workers in OECD countries are at risk of losing their jobs due ...
In a nutshell The real exchange rate (RER) is an economy-wide relative price, closely monitored by governments due to its perceived influence on export ...
In a nutshell In December 2010, Iran replaced its energy and bread subsidies with an unconditional and universal cash transfer (UCT). In the short-run, ...
In a nutshell • Oil-exporting countries have experienced huge swings in the dollar price of oil
In a nutshell • Economic diversification in the Gulf Cooperation Council monarchies requires labor market reforms. •
In a nutshell • Access to healthcare without the threat of financial ruin is a basic
In a nutshell • Since the January 2011 popular revolution, the budget deficit in Egypt has
In a nutshell Current modalities for the distribution of subsidized fertilizer, together with national campaigns for
In a Nutshell In the absence of the US fracking boom, the global price of crude
In a Nutshell The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region has seen large volumes of
In a nutshell Labor laws aim to protect workers and increase labor market efficiency. However, over-protective labor
In a nutshell Different countries impose export sanctions. Whether these sanctions are effective depends on their goal.
In a nutshell Arab societies urgently need to start looking at how to improve education systems,
In a nutshell Egypt has the worst basic education system worldwide. Egypt’s decentralization reforms were more rhetoric
In a nutshell Single mother widowed households in Turkey that receive survivor benefits are more likely
In a nutshell Egypt and Tunisia have embraced trade liberalization which has helped them establish a
In a nutshell Two interconnected challenges for the Arab region are how to increase the low
In a nutshell Vehicle exhaust fumes are a major cause of air pollution in developing world
In a nutshell Egypt should embark on trade liberalization as it currently has maintains relatively high