ERF – EBRD Seminar on Job Creation and Productivity in Egypt: Evidence from the Egypt Economic Census - Economic Research Forum (ERF)


Creating jobs, particularly formal, skilled, and decent jobs is one of the most pressing challenges facing the Egyptian economy. Moreover, the development of a vibrant private sector is essential for sustainable employment and inclusive growth in Egypt. Creating a conducive environment for private sector development depends on a sound understanding of the performance of private firms, as well as the problems they face.

Having been granted access to the data of the Economic Census of 2013 by CAPMAS, two research projects were conducted, one by ERF and another by EBRD. The first project is addressing aspects of labor demand and job creation, and the other is focusing on firm productivity, firm dynamics and growth prospects.

More concretely, the ERF project focus is on labor demand. With rising informality, irregularity, and wage stagnation, weak labor demand has been identified as a key constraint and driver of poor labor market outcomes. However, very little is known about labor demand by Egyptian firms. Limited data and lack of access for researchers to analyze the data that do exist have been key constraints on understanding labor demand. With the availability of data it was possible to analyze job creation, wage inequality, and gender aspects of the labor market, among other topics.

The EBRD project focuses on the institutional foundation of a market economy, seen from the point of view of firms. The report conducts a bottom-up analysis, starting from firm-level and moving to sectors and regions, to assess the type of institutional and regulatory gaps that are blocking the structural transformation of the Egyptian economy in its voyage from a poor state dominated economy with surplus labor and low productivity, to an industrialized economy with a self-sustaining process of improvement in capital and skills.

Seminar Objectives

The objective of the seminar is to provide a platform for presenting, discussing, and disseminating the papers among the research and policy-making communities in Egypt.

Event Organization 

The seminar is organized jointly by ERF and EBRD.  The workshop will convene for one day, gathering around 50 participants. Two papers will be presented per session. Each session will last for an hour and 15 minutes, which will be divided as follows: each presenter will speak for 15 minutes, the discussant will have 10 minutes for each paper and 25 minutes will be left for open discussion.


Working Papers

Job Creation or Labor Absorption? An Analysis of Private Sector Job Growth in Egypt

Ragui Assaad , Caroline Krafft and Shaimaa Yassin

Creating jobs, especially good jobs, is one of the greatest challenges facing Egypt. This paper investigates the nature of job growth in Egypt, including the ... read more

Working Papers

Trade Policy and Input Liberalization: The Effect on Egyptian Firms’ Productivity

Inmaculada Martinez-Zarzoso , Mona Said and Chahir Zaki

This paper explores the link between trade liberalization and firms’ performance in Egypt combining macro and micro data. Using the Economic Census of Egypt 2013, ... read more

Working Papers

Firm Productivity and Agglomeration Economies: Evidence from Egyptian Data

Karim Badr , Reham Rizk and Chahir Zaki

This paper attempts to shed light on the nexus between firm productivity and economies of agglomeration in Egypt. Using a large dataset of 62,108 firms ... read more

Working Papers

Female Labor in Egyptian Manufacturing Sector: The Demand Side Story

Hanan Nazier

This study investigated demand for female labor in Egyptian manufacturing sector. It utilized information provided in the C13 together with data from the ELMPS2012 to ... read more

Working Papers

Gender Diversity, Productivity, and Wages in Egyptian Firms

Mona Said , Rami Galal , Susan Joekes and Mina Sami

Women’s employment is not evenly distributed across sectors and this variance in gender diversity can impact firms’ productivity and wages. Using the newly available EC ... read more

Working Papers

Do More Productive Firms Pay Workers More? Evidence from Egypt

Caroline Krafft and Ragui Assaad

Theoretically, in perfectly competitive markets with full information, marginal productivity of labor and workers’ wages should be equalized across firms and wages should not be ... read more

البحوث الاقتصادية» و«الأوروبي لإعادة الإعمار» ينظمان ندوة عن خلق الوظائف السبت»

Al Masry Al Youm

منتدى البحوث الاقتصادية يناقش خلق الوظائف وتطوير الإنتاجية فى ندوة السبت

Al Youm Al Sabea

البنك الدولي: ندعم مرحلة التصحيح الاقتصادي والاجتماعي التي تشهدها مصر

Al Watan

البحوث الاقتصادية” و”البنك الأوروبي” ينظمان ندوة لتوفير فرص العمل”

Al Watan