Zouhour Karray - Economic Research Forum (ERF)

Zouhour Karray

Research Associates

Professor, Department of Economics, University of Tunis

Areas of Interest:

  • Industrial Organization
  • International Economic
  • Development and Economic Growth


  • Ph.D., Economics, University of Toulouse I, 2001
  • Master, Industrial Economics and Employment, University of Toulouse I, 1996.
  • Bachelor, Economics in economics, University of Economics and Management of Sfax, Tunisia, 1995.


  • Professor, Department of Economics, Higher School of Economics and Commercial Sciences of Tunis, University of Tunis (2012-Present)
  • Member of the committee in charge of the preparation of the guideline for the strategic development plan 2016-2020, Ministry of Development, Investment and International Cooperation, Tunisia (February 2015 – Present)
  • Head of Master of Quantitative Economics of Industry and Networks, FSEG, Nabeul, University of Carthage (2010-2012)

Latest Publications:

  • KARRAY Zouhour, BEN GHORBEL Wiem (2014), “Les déterminants internes et externes de l’innovation : cas des entreprises manufacturières en Tunisie”, in M. Hattab-Christmann, A. Isla et C. Vautier (eds.), La crise du capitalisme financiarisé. Mélanges en l’honneur de François Morin, Presses de l’Université Toulouse 1 Capitole.
  • GHALI Sofiane, ZITOUNA Habib, KARRAY Zouhour and DRISS Slim (2013) “Trade, Transaction Costs and TFP: Evidence from Tunisia and Egypt”, ERF Working Paper, No 807.
  • GHALI Sofiane and KARRAY Zouhour (2013) “Trade and R&D Externalities: Impact on the Cost of Production of the Tunisian Manufacturing Sector”, ERF Working Paper, No 801.


Policy Briefs

Boosting World Trade in Tunisia and Egypt by Cutting Non-Tariff Barriers Better Imports for Better Exports

In a nutshell Egypt and Tunisia have embraced trade liberalization which has helped them establish a ... read more

Working Papers

Regional Growth in Tunisia: Economic Geography Forces and Industrial Structure

Abstract The purpose of this paper is to explain regional growth and agglomeration of industrial activities in ... read more

Working Papers

Innovation and R&D Investment of Tunisian Firms: A Two-Regime Model with Selectivity Correction

Abstract The purpose of the paper is to produce new empirical evidence regarding the determinants of ... read more

Working Papers

Inequality and Spatial Disparities in Tunisia

Abstract The purpose of the paper is to analyze spatial disparities between Tunisian’s “délégations” by making ... read more

Working Papers

Trade and R&D Externalities: Impact on the Cost of Production of the Tunisian Manufacturing Sector

The purpose of this paper is to introduce a suitable methodology for estimating the extent ... read more


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