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By Vladimir Hlasny and Shireen Al Azzawi Measures of income or consumption alone provide an inadequate representation of living standards and economic inequality across households. This column reports evidence on..
By Paul Makdissi For institutional and historical reasons, countries of the Middle East and North Africa have relied mostly on consumption subsidies for reducing inequality..more
By Ali Enami and Nora Lustig Iran’s universal cash transfer (UCT) programme plays an important role in fighting poverty. But as this column shows, its real value and impact on the country’s
By Lydia Assouad Survey-based estimates suggest that inequality in Middle Eastern countries is not particularly high by historical and international standards. This column reports research that combines household surveys, national accounts,..
By Niranjan Sarangi and Khalid Abu-Ismail Arab countries have systematically low tax collection rates relative to the size of their economies. What’s more, with rising military expenditures and lower oil prices, the
By Khalid Abu-Ismail and Bilal Al-Kiswani A new measure of household poverty in the Arab countries provides the basis for tailored solutions across the region. This column reports the key findings of
By Simon Neaime Are programmes aimed at promoting financial inclusion in the countries of the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) leading to less poverty and income inequality and more financial stability?
By Ralph De Haas The microfinance industry continues to grow rapidly in the MENA region. This column reports research from across the world showing that giving people access to microcredit does not
By Roy Van der Weide, Christoph Lakner and Elena Ianchovichina Standard estimates of income and consumption inequality rank Egypt as one of the world’s most equal countries. By analysing data on
By Khalid Abu-Ismail What can be done to reduce income inequality in Arab countries? This column explores issues of measurement as well as potential policy measures...
Keeping in tune with changing economic thought on education strategies and policies, ERF and The Tunisian Economic Association are organizing a live debate on: Free Higher Education and Equity: Does
By Khalid Abu-Ismail, Chief of the Economic Development and Poverty Section at UN-ESCWA. The long-term development vision for the Arab region should address the core challenge