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By Landry Signé Accountable leadership is one of the biggest challenges to development in Africa. This Brookings column argues that the young people of the continent need to..
By Sherine F. Ghoneim and Romesh Vaitilingam The Forum, a policy portal for the Middle East and North Africa, was launched in October 2017 with the aim of becoming ‘the platform’ for
By Eleftherios Giovanis and Oznur Ozdamar Improving the quality of the relationship between the private and public sectors in MENA countries is a strategy that is likely to enhance job creation and
By Ralph de Haas, Alexander Plekhanov and Valerijs Rezvijs By the standards of middle-income economies, Turkey, North Africa and the Eastern Mediterranean have very young populations – a demographic opportunity to achieve
By Eleftherios Giovanis and Oznur Ozdamar The rate of labour force participation of women in MENA countries remains lower than in any other part of the world – and it is even
By Rabah Arezki and Hafez Ghanem A new economic reality is needed in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). This column proposes a ‘moonshot’, which, like the US effort to land
By Susan Razzaz The labour market in Jordan has deteriorated since 2010: informality and irregular employment have increased; the recent social security reform has had limited impact; and large shares of
By Caroline Krafft and Mariam Sharpless Syrian refugees in Jordan have been able to work legally with permits since 2016, yet their labour force participation remains very low. This column discusses why..
By Nelly El Mallakh Does the legal status of temporary migrants have an impact on their earnings potential when they return to their home countries? This column reports research on Egyptians..
By Ahmed Elsayed and Jackline Wahba How was the balance between Egypt’s formal and informal economies affected by the political turmoil that accompanied the Arab Spring? This column reports research showing
By Eleftherios Giovanis and Oznur Ozdamar Healthcare reforms in Turkey have aimed to reduce the potentially heavy burden of ‘out-of-pocket’ payments on household resources and to provide health insurance for the
By Caroline Krafft and Ragui Assaad A young person’s first job has a huge impact on the rest of their working life. Today, Egyptian youth face big challenges in securing that first
By Rana Hendy Despite significant increases in the educational attainment of women in Egypt, their rate of labour force participation remains one of the lowest in the world...