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Africa youth leadership: building local leaders to solve global challenges

By Landry Signé Accountable leadership is one of the biggest challenges to development in Africa. This Brookings column argues that the young people of the continent need to.. ... read more

Improving the economic policy debate in the MENA region

By Sherine F. Ghoneim and Romesh Vaitilingam The Forum, a policy portal for the Middle East and North Africa, was launched in October 2017 with the aim of becoming ‘the platform’ for ... read more

The role of state-business relations in employment growth

By Eleftherios Giovanis and Oznur Ozdamar Improving the quality of the relationship between the private and public sectors in MENA countries is a strategy that is likely to enhance job creation and ... read more

Leveraging the demographic transition in North Africa

By Ralph de Haas, Alexander Plekhanov and Valerijs Rezvijs By the standards of middle-income economies, Turkey, North Africa and the Eastern Mediterranean have very young populations – a demographic opportunity to achieve ... read more

The bargaining power of disabled wives: evidence from Iraq

By Eleftherios Giovanis and Oznur Ozdamar The rate of labour force participation of women in MENA countries remains lower than in any other part of the world – and it is even ... read more

A moonshot for MENA: laying the groundwork for a modern digital economy

By Rabah Arezki and Hafez Ghanem A new economic reality is needed in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). This column proposes a ‘moonshot’, which, like the US effort to land ... read more

Jordan’s labour market: new inputs for informed policy-making

By Susan Razzaz The labour market in Jordan has deteriorated since 2010: informality and irregular employment have increased; the recent social security reform has had limited impact; and large shares of ... read more

Syrian refugees: limited participation in Jordan’s labour force

By Caroline Krafft and Mariam Sharpless Syrian refugees in Jordan have been able to work legally with permits since 2016, yet their labour force participation remains very low. This column discusses why.. ... read more

Undocumented migration: Egyptian evidence of a long-term wage penalty

By Nelly El Mallakh Does the legal status of temporary migrants have an impact on their earnings potential when they return to their home countries? This column reports research on Egyptians.. ... read more

Informality during political turmoil: evidence from the Arab Spring

By Ahmed Elsayed and Jackline Wahba How was the balance between Egypt’s formal and informal economies affected by the political turmoil that accompanied the Arab Spring? This column reports research showing ... read more

Healthcare reform in Turkey: achievements and challenges

By Eleftherios Giovanis and Oznur Ozdamar Healthcare reforms in Turkey have aimed to reduce the potentially heavy burden of ‘out-of-pocket’ payments on household resources and to provide health insurance for the ... read more

Promoting better jobs for young people in Egypt

By Caroline Krafft and  Ragui Assaad A young person’s first job has a huge impact on the rest of their working life. Today, Egyptian youth face big challenges in securing that first ... read more

Getting more women into employment in Egypt

By Rana Hendy Despite significant increases in the educational attainment of women in Egypt, their rate of labour force participation remains one of the lowest in the world... ... read more