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Publications
Policy Briefs

Mechanization to Drive A Process for Fertilizer Subsidy Reform in Egypt

Shinan N. Kassam and Boubaker Dhehibi

In a nutshell Current modalities for the distribution of subsidized fertilizer, together with national campaigns for wheat production, may be stifling nutritional security within rural areas. Reliable access to water is a ... read more


Publications
Policy Briefs

The US Fracking Boom, Oil Prices and Policy Options for Arab Oil Producers

Romesh Vaitilingam

In a Nutshell In the absence of the US fracking boom, the global price of crude oil since 2011 would have been as much as $10 per barrel higher. This effect pales ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Oil Prices and the Global Economy: Is It Different This Time Around?

Kamiar Mohaddes and Hashem Pesaran

The recent plunge in oil prices has brought into question the generally accepted view that lower oil prices are good for the US and the global economy. In this paper, ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Renewable and Non-Renewable Electricity Consumption, Carbon Emissions and GDP: Evidence From Mediterranean Countries

Fateh Belaïd and Maha Harbaoui Zrelli

The imperative to reduce Co2 emissions is stronger than ever. According to many studies, renewable energy (electricity) has one of the most significant cost-effective potentials for reducing energy-related greenhouse gas ... read more


Blog & News

Understanding and Avoiding the Oil Curse in Resource-rich Arab Economies

The Economic Research Forum (ERF) is pleased to announce the publication of its new book on: Understanding and Avoiding the Oil Curse in Resource-rich Arab Economies, edited by Ibrahim Elbadawi ... read more


Publications
Edited Volumes

Understanding and Avoiding the Oil Curse in Resource-rich Arab Economies

Ibrahim Elbadawi and Hoda Selim

The Economic Research Forum (ERF) is pleased to announce the publication of its new book on: Understanding and Avoiding the Oil Curse in Resource-rich Arab Economies, edited by Ibrahim Elbadawi ... read more


Publications
Policy Briefs

Reducing Air Pollution in Cairo: Raise User Costs and Invest In Public Transit

Alban Thomas

In a nutshell Vehicle exhaust fumes are a major cause of air pollution in developing world megacities, such as Cairo. Egyptian authorities have taken measures to reduce emission rates for existing vehicles ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Algeria and the Natural Resource Curse: Oil Abundance and Economic Growth

Sidi Mohamed Chekouri and Abderrahim Chibi

Abstract In this paper we examine the interaction between oil-export revenue and long-run economic growth in Algeria during the period from 1979 until 2013. Our empirical analysis shows that oil ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Water Demand Management in Arid Area: A DEA Input Distance Function Approach to Analyze Technical and Scale Efficiencies and Irrigation of Farms in Tunisia

Mounir Belloumi and Mohamed Salah Matoussi

Abstract Technical and scale efficiencies have been widely studied in agricultural production literature, but many of the inputs used can impact the environment. Environmental impacts can take the form of undesirable output, a ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

The Impact of Higher Water Costs on the Export of Tunisian Dates and Citrus

Mohamed Ayadi and Mohamed Salah Matoussi

Abstract While the impact of environmental regulations on exports is widely discussed in the MENA region, there has been little empirical analysis on how stringent environmental regulations might affect exports of key sectors ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Oil Greasing the Wheels: When Do Natural Resources Become a Blessing?

Nisreen Salti

Abstract This paper considers theoretically and empirically natural resources' effect on growth using a two sector-model (resource and non-resource). Governments tax the non-resource sector and choose institutional quality, which determines productivity in the ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Population Dynamics and Carbon Emissions in The Arab Region: An Extended Stirpat II Model

Hala Abou-Ali, Yasmine Abdelfattah and John Adams

Abstract Many Arab countries have been developing at a fast pace in the past 20 years and this is now seen as putting considerable pressure on the natural environment through population ... read more


Publications
Policy Research Reports

The Environment and the Economy in the Arab World

Hala Abou-Ali and Alban Thomas

Environmental concerns in the Arab world are very rarely taken into consideration when designing public policies or setting priorities, despite the fact that most Arab countries have established a ministry ... read more


Publications
Policy Research Reports

Oil, Economic Diversification, and Development in the Arab World

Ibrahim Elbadawi and Alan Gelb

This report aims at providing ERF with a sound basis for selecting and designing a research program over the next three to five years for one of the major themes ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Technology Diffusion, International Spillovers and Human Capital in the Mediterranean Agricultural Sector

Nadia Belhaj Hassine

Abstract This paper investigates the roles of human capital and openness in the process of technology diffusion and productivity growth in the Mediterranean agricultural sector. We estimate a nonlinear productivity growth specification that ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Agricultural Trade Liberalization and Poverty in Tunisia: Micro-Simulation in a General Equilibrium Framework

Mohamed Chemingui and Chokri Thabet

Abstract This study tries to answer the following questions: Will exposure to world agricultural prices raise or lower poverty? To what extent will households be affected by changes in agricultural trade polices? Do ... read more