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Publications
Working Papers

Private Banking and Crony Capitalism in Egypt

Ishac Diwan and Marc Schiffbauer

In Egypt, the bulk of bank loans during 2003-2010 went to politically connected firms. At the same time, the banking sector was liberalized increasingly operated around competitive and profit-maximizing principles. ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

I’ve Got the Power: Mapping Connections between Lebanon’s Banking Sector and the Ruling Class

Jad Chaaban

This paper explores the extent to which local commercial banks in Lebanon are linked to the country’s political class, and how this impacts their efficiency and sovereign risk exposure. By ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Political Connections and Public Procurement in Turkey: Evidence from Construction Work Contracts

Esra Çeviker Gürakar and Tuba Bircan İldiri

Using a unique dataset of 17,937 high value public work construction procurements made between 2004 and 2011, this paper provides systematic evidence on favoritism in public procurement in Turkey. While ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

The Political Economy of Macroeconomic Policy in Arab Resource-Rich Economies

Adeel Malik

Revisiting macroeconomic policies and outcomes of Arab resource-rich economies (RREs), this paper synthesizes the political economy considerations that underpin policy choices. The paper argues that, in the context of Arab ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Popular Grievances and Perceptions of Socioeconomic Conditions in the Arab Region Prior to the Uprisings

Melani Cammett and Nisreen Salti

In the wake of the Arab uprisings, analysts have advanced a range of hypotheses about the grievances that formed the backdrop to mass mobilization. To date, little empirical research examines ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Individual Preferences for Democracy In the Arab World Explaining the Gap

Mohamad Al-Ississ and Ishac Diwan

We take a new look at the question of the Arab democratic exception. We use the new sixth wave of the World Value Survey, which was collected between 2012 and ... read more


Events
Workshops/Seminars

The Pulse of The Arab Streets

Three years into the transition following the political upheavals in the Arab World, the new rulers in several countries are facing daunting challenges. These include a difficult democratization process and ... read more


Events
Workshops/Seminars

The Pulse of the Arab Street: Understanding the Political Economy of the Arab Uprisings Using Public Opinion Data

Three years into the transition following the political upheavals in the Arab world, the new rulers in several countries are facing daunting challenges. These include a difficult democratization process and ... read more


Events
Workshops/Seminars

The Political Economy of the Private Sector in the Middle East Workshop

ERF and the Oxford Center for Islamic Studies jointly organized a workshop on "The Political Economy of the Private Sector in the Middle East". The workshop convened for 2 days ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Mapping and Explaining Attitudes Toward Political Islam Among Ordinary Citizens in The Middle East and North Africa

Mark Tessler

This paper provides partial summaries of two interrelated works that use survey data to map and explain the views held by Middle Eastern publics about the role Islam should play ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Effects of Institutions and Natural Resources in A Multiple Growth Regime

Yacine Belarbi, Lylia Sami and Said Souam

The dependence to natural resource is currently the object of a wide debate in the analysis of economic growth in rentier states. In this work, we examine the interaction effect ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Do Natural Resources Inhibit Transparency?

Hamid Mohtadi, Michael Ross and Stefan Ruediger

Using a new dataset on transparency across 177 countries from 1970 to 2010 and new data on oil values that is measured independently of countries’ reporting mechanisms, we examine whether ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Gendering the Costs and Benefits of the Arab Uprisings in Tunisia and Egypt Using the Gallup Surveys

Rania Salem

The literature on gender and the Arab “Spring” has documented the role of female activists in the uprisings and analyzed the implications of Islamists’ electoral successes for women.  However, little ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Fifty Years of Fiscal Policy in the Arab Region

Ishac Diwan and Tarik Akin

The paper looks at the evolution of public finance in a select number of MENA countries over the past 50 years. The review covers the size of government, how it ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Fiscal Institutions and Macroeconomic Management in Resource Rich Economies: the Case of Yemen

Mahmoud Al-Iriani and Yahsob Al Eriani

The link between natural resource outcomes and the quality of institutions has attracted considerable attention in natural resource literature. But only very recently has its link to fiscal rules and ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Understanding Democratic Transition Using Self-Organizing Maps: A Special Focus on Arab Spring Countries

Houda Haffoudhi, Racem Mehdi and Gam Abdelkader

The aim of the paper is to identify, in the light of the Arab spring, the conditions favorable for democratic transition and to analyze the specific experience of Arab countries ... read more