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Blog & News

The Political Economy of the Private Sector in the Middle East

The MENA region suffers from a fragile private sector that is weakly connected with global markets and thrives largely under state patronage. Although extensive state-business interactions can form the basis ... read more


Blog & News

Blog & News

Publications
Working Papers

Private Banking and Crony Capitalism in Egypt

Ishac Diwan and Marc Schiffbauer

In Egypt, the bulk of bank loans during 2003-2010 went to politically connected firms. At the same time, the banking sector was liberalized increasingly operated around competitive and profit-maximizing principles. ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Is There an Arab Variety of Capitalism?

Steffen Hertog

This paper argues that capitalism in Arab low- to mid-income countries is organized in a distinct and recognizable pattern. The key stylized facts are: a stretched, over-committed and interventionist state; ... read more


Publications
Policy Briefs

The US Fracking Boom, Oil Prices and Policy Options for Arab Oil Producers

Romesh Vaitilingam

In a Nutshell In the absence of the US fracking boom, the global price of crude oil since 2011 would have been as much as $10 per barrel higher. This effect pales ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

I’ve Got the Power: Mapping Connections between Lebanon’s Banking Sector and the Ruling Class

Jad Chaaban

This paper explores the extent to which local commercial banks in Lebanon are linked to the country’s political class, and how this impacts their efficiency and sovereign risk exposure. By ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Political Connections and Public Procurement in Turkey: Evidence from Construction Work Contracts

Esra Çeviker Gürakar and Tuba Bircan İldiri

Using a unique dataset of 17,937 high value public work construction procurements made between 2004 and 2011, this paper provides systematic evidence on favoritism in public procurement in Turkey. While ... read more


Blog & News

The Political Economy of Contemporary Arab Societies

ERF has organized a workshop on "The Political Economy of Contemporary Arab Societies", in Beirut, Lebanon, in collaboration with The Issam Fares Institute for Public Policy and International Affairs (IFI), ... read more


Events
Workshops/Seminars

The Political Economy of Contemporary Arab Societies

ERF has organized a workshop on "The Political Economy of Contemporary Arab Societies", in Beirut, Lebanon, in collaboration with The Issam Fares Institute for Public Policy and International Affairs (IFI), ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

The Political Economy of Macroeconomic Policy in Arab Resource-Rich Economies

Adeel Malik

Revisiting macroeconomic policies and outcomes of Arab resource-rich economies (RREs), this paper synthesizes the political economy considerations that underpin policy choices. The paper argues that, in the context of Arab ... read more


Publications
Policy Perspectives

Lessons and Pitfalls of Transitions to Democracy

Melani Cammett

When elites agree to compromise during regime transitions, democratization is more likely to succeed. Human agency is therefore central to successful democratization; however, it cannot be divorced from structural factors, ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Popular Grievances and Perceptions of Socioeconomic Conditions in the Arab Region Prior to the Uprisings

Melani Cammett and Nisreen Salti

In the wake of the Arab uprisings, analysts have advanced a range of hypotheses about the grievances that formed the backdrop to mass mobilization. To date, little empirical research examines ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Out of Pocket Education Expenditure and Household Budget: Evidence from Arab Countries

Reham Rizk and Hala Abou-Ali

The paper attempts to present a comparative study for patterns of household expenditure on education using different groups of population. The paper based its empirics on cross sectional evidence from ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Patterns of Veiling Among Muslim Women

Ishac Diwan and Jeni Klugman

This paper exploits a unique source of data, the Gallup World Poll, and is the first cross-country empirical investigation of veiling patterns in Muslim-majority countries, complementing a rich literature on ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Individual Preferences for Democracy In the Arab World Explaining the Gap

Mohamad Al-Ississ and Ishac Diwan

We take a new look at the question of the Arab democratic exception. We use the new sixth wave of the World Value Survey, which was collected between 2012 and ... read more