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Publications
Working Papers

Economic, Political and Cultural Proximity and Growth Propagation: A Network Model with Endogenous Proximity Matrix

Mohamed Mekki Ben Jemaa

The growth model at the Sala-i-Martin (1991 and 1992) fashion is revisited in order to take into account the interdependence of growth across countries based on the idea that outcomes ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Firm and Regional Factors of Productivity: A Multilevel Analysis of Tunisian Manufacturing

Mohamed Amara and Khaled Thabet

In this paper, we use multilevel models to simultaneously analyze individual, sectoral and regional characteristics that might affect the total factor productivity of Tunisian manufacturing firms for the period 1998-2004. ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Renewable and Non-Renewable Electricity Consumption, Carbon Emissions and GDP: Evidence From Mediterranean Countries

Fateh Belaïd and Maha Harbaoui Zrelli

The imperative to reduce Co2 emissions is stronger than ever. According to many studies, renewable energy (electricity) has one of the most significant cost-effective potentials for reducing energy-related greenhouse gas ... read more


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Working Papers

Iranian Economy in Twentieth Century: A Global Perspective

Hadi Salehi Esfahani and Hashem Pesaran

Abstract This paper examines the economic transformation of Iran in a global context through the twentieth century. At the start of that century, the Iranian economy had long remained stagnant, poor, and largely ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

How Institutions Change Over Time

James Robinson

Abstract In this paper the author examines the forces that lead institutions to persist and change. He argues that the equilibrium institutions of society are the outcome of a political process which ... read more


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Publications
Working Papers

Oil Greasing the Wheels: When Do Natural Resources Become a Blessing?

Nisreen Salti

Abstract This paper considers theoretically and empirically natural resources' effect on growth using a two sector-model (resource and non-resource). Governments tax the non-resource sector and choose institutional quality, which determines productivity in the ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Growth Fundamentals and Economic Growth in the MENA Region

Hadi Salehi Esfahani

Abstract This paper examines the strategies of Middle Eastern and North African (MENA) countries concerning growth-enhancing institutions and policies. Long-term economic growth depends crucially upon the quality and robustness of a country's institutions. ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Population Dynamics and Carbon Emissions in The Arab Region: An Extended Stirpat II Model

Hala Abou-Ali, Yasmine Abdelfattah and John Adams

Abstract Many Arab countries have been developing at a fast pace in the past 20 years and this is now seen as putting considerable pressure on the natural environment through population ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Could New Growth Cross-Country Empirics Explain the Single Country Growth of Syria during 1965-2004?

Rabie Nasser

Abstract The goal of this paper is to examine, whether the results of new growth cross-country empirics (Barro-type model) match the results of growth accounting exercise in Syria, during the period 1965-2004. To deal ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

The Institutional Environment and the Banking – Growth Nexus: Theory and Investigation for MENA

Osman Suliman and Mahmoud Sami Nabi

Abstract This paper seeks to provide some theoretical and empirical answers to the following question: Does the institutional environment affect the causality relationship between banking development and economic growth? In the theoretical part, we ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Tourism, Capital Good Imports and Long-Run Growth

Mondher Sahli and Jean-Jacques Nowak

Abstract This paper presents a theoretical growth model that attempts to identify one of the mechanisms linking tourism and economic growth in the MENA region. In particular, it establishes the link between tourism ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Effects of Institutions and Natural Resources in A Multiple Growth Regime

Yacine Belarbi, Lylia Sami and Said Souam

The dependence to natural resource is currently the object of a wide debate in the analysis of economic growth in rentier states. In this work, we examine the interaction effect ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Do Natural Resources Inhibit Transparency?

Hamid Mohtadi, Michael Ross and Stefan Ruediger

Using a new dataset on transparency across 177 countries from 1970 to 2010 and new data on oil values that is measured independently of countries’ reporting mechanisms, we examine whether ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Growing Without Changing: A Tale of Egypt’s Weak Productivity Growth

Hanan Morsy, Antoine Levy and Clara Sanchez

This paper aims to identify the reasons why economic growth in Egypt, although comparable to its peers, failed to significantly reduce unemployment, lower poverty levels or raise overall productivity. We ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Measurement of Total Factor Productivity and Its Determinants: Case of Wheat Sector in Tunisia

Ali Chebil, Aymen Frija and Rached Alyani

The main objectives of this study are to quantify the Total Factor Productivity (TFP) growth of the durum wheat sector in Tunisia and to identify its main determinants. The Malmquist ... read more