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Blog & News

Can Africa Surprise the World by Delivering the Continental Free Trade Area (CFTA) by the end of 2017

By Abdalla Hamdok, Executive Secretary a.i. UNECA   During the 50th Anniversary of both the OAU/AU the vision of the African continent for the next 50 ... read more


Blog & News

Egypt: Youth Essay Competition – Round II

The Economic Research Forum and the World Bank are pleased to announce the second round of the “Youth Essay Competition”. In this round, young Egyptians are invited to submit essays ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Is There an Arab Variety of Capitalism?

Steffen Hertog

This paper argues that capitalism in Arab low- to mid-income countries is organized in a distinct and recognizable pattern. The key stylized facts are: a stretched, over-committed and interventionist state; ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Oil Prices and the Global Economy: Is It Different This Time Around?

Kamiar Mohaddes and Hashem Pesaran

The recent plunge in oil prices has brought into question the generally accepted view that lower oil prices are good for the US and the global economy. In this paper, ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Does International Migration Help Them Marry earlier? A Hazard Model for the Case of Egypt

Anda David and Rana Hendy

Marriage represents an important step of entering adulthood in the Egyptian society and its delay often results in tensions and frustration among youth. Considering migration as a predetermined strategy to ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Why is Fertility on the Rise in Egypt? The Role of Women’s Employment Opportunities

Caroline Krafft

Can declining employment opportunities for women reverse the fertility transition? This paper presents new evidence that the demographic transition has not just stalled, but in fact reversed in Egypt. After ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Accessibility, Transportation Cost and Regional Growth: A Case Study for Egypt

Dina Elshahawany, Eduardo A. Haddad and Michael L. Lahr

The potential ability of transport infrastructure investments to produce transport benefits depends on the travel time reductions and accessibility. In this paper, we use an interregional computable general equilibrium (CGE) ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Inequality of Opportunities among Tunisian Children over Time and Space

Hatem Jemmali

This paper attempts to provide additional light on the structure and dynamics of inequality of opportunity among Tunisian children during the period 2005-2010. The main steps involved in the analysis ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Economic, Political and Cultural Proximity and Growth Propagation: A Network Model with Endogenous Proximity Matrix

Mohamed Mekki Ben Jemaa

The growth model at the Sala-i-Martin (1991 and 1992) fashion is revisited in order to take into account the interdependence of growth across countries based on the idea that outcomes ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Twins, Family Size, and Female Labor Force Participation in Iran

Mahdi Majbouri

Despite the rapid rise of women’s education and the fall of their fertility rates in Iran, female labor force participation remains low. This paper uses twins at first birth as ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

The Political Economy of Fiscal Institutions and Macroeconomic Management in Sudan

Kabbashi Suliman

The literature on distributive politics indicates that many low-income countries are saddled with extractive institutions that not only contribute to politically biased fiscal outcomes, but tend to undermine long-run real ... read more


Publications
Policy Perspectives

The Case for Improving Water Efficiency in MENA Countries

Marc Jeuland

A range of contemporary pressures – rising populations, economic development, and climate change – are increasing the strain on water supplies in many regions of the world today. Nowhere is ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Deciphering the Relationship between Internal Migration and Regional Disparities in Tunisia

Mohamed Amara and Hatem Jemmali

This paper analysis the key factors that shape inter-governorates migration in Tunisia, focusing mainly on the role of distance, labor market characteristics, human capital and per capita expenditure in driving ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Firm and Regional Factors of Productivity: A Multilevel Analysis of Tunisian Manufacturing

Mohamed Amara and Khaled Thabet

In this paper, we use multilevel models to simultaneously analyze individual, sectoral and regional characteristics that might affect the total factor productivity of Tunisian manufacturing firms for the period 1998-2004. ... read more


Publications
Policy Perspectives

Options for Climate Change Policy in MENA Countries after Paris

Mustafa Hussein Babiker

Many economies in the MENA region are vulnerable to the negative impacts of climate change given their fragile ecosystems and high dependency on hydrocarbon resources. Like many other developing countries, MENA ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Renewable and Non-Renewable Electricity Consumption, Carbon Emissions and GDP: Evidence From Mediterranean Countries

Fateh Belaïd and Maha Harbaoui Zrelli

The imperative to reduce Co2 emissions is stronger than ever. According to many studies, renewable energy (electricity) has one of the most significant cost-effective potentials for reducing energy-related greenhouse gas ... read more