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Publications
Working Papers

Political Stability, Firm Characteristics and Performance: Evidence From 6,083 Private Firms in the Middle East

Amr Hosny

Using firm-level data from an EBRD/EIB/WB joint survey covering more than 6,000 private firms in 8 countries in the Middle East and North Africa, this paper (i) examines the relationship ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Capital Raising in the Arab World

Juan Jose Cortina Lorente, Soha Ismail and Sergio L. Schmukler

This paper provides a first documentation of how firms in Arab countries use equity, corporate bond, and syndicated loan markets to obtain finance. We compile a large dataset at the ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Firm Financing and Growth in the Arab Region

Juan Jose Cortina Lorente, Soha Ismail and Sergio L. Schmukler

This paper provides a first analysis of the extent to which firms in the Arab region use capital markets to obtain financing and grow. It addresses two questions: First, how ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Informal Competition, Firms’ Productivity and Policy Reforms in Egypt

Nesma Ali and Boris Najman

This paper investigates the effect of the competition stemmed from informal firms on formal firms’ productivity in Egypt. Using the World Bank’s Enterprise Surveys, we update the two-step methodology of ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Determinants of Productivity in Morocco: The Role of Trade?

Michael Gasiorek

Abstract The aim of this paper is to explore the determinants of productivity and productivity change in the Moroccan economy, with a particular interest in examining the role of international trade in impacting ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

The Changing Economic Environment and the Development of the Micro and Small Enterprises in Egypt 2006

Alia El Mahdi and Ali Rashed

Abstract This paper used the Egyptian Labor Market Panel data 2006 to compare the changes that took place in the labor market, and particularly the MSEs market, over time (1998 and 2006) ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Potentiel Entrepreneurial en Algérie : Entre Capital Humain et Informalité, Quelle Croissance ?

Nacer-Eddine Hammouda and Moundir Lassassi

Abstract An analysis of trajectories and positions in the field of economic activity and their joints with individual profiles, especially in terms of human capital, often confined to paid employment and the labour ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Political Patronage and Economic Opportunity: The Case of Vertical Integration in the Egyptian Clothing Industry

Amirah El-Haddad

This paper investigates the determinants of vertical integration in the Egyptian clothing industry. High-end market segments are a critical determinant of integration. Limited access to finance restricts the possibilities for ... read more