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Publications
Working Papers

In Search of A New Development Model For Tunisia: Assessing the Performance of the Offshore Regime

Leila Baghdadi, Sonia Ben Kheder and Hassen Arouri

The main purpose of this paper is to examine the offshore regime in Tunisia and to assess the overall effects of this export promoting strategy for the years 2002-2014. Using ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Anatolian Tigers and the Emergence of the Devout Bourgeoisie in the Turkish Manufacturing Industry: An Empirical Analysis

Izak Atiyas, Ozan Bakis and Esra Çeviker Gürakar

It has widely been asserted that an important dimension of social dynamics that eventually carried the Justice and Development Party (Adalet ve Kalkınma Partisi, AKP) to political power is the ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Moroccan Cronyism: Facts, Mechanisms and Impact

Mohammed Said Saadi

The purpose of this paper is to shed some light on Moroccan cronyism by studying its manifestation and impact in the manufacturing sector. More specifically, it attempts to find out ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Do Political Connections Reduce Job Creation? Evidence from Lebanon

Ishac Diwan and Jamal Ibrahim Haidar

Using firm-level census data, we determine how politically-connected firms (PCFs) reduce job creation in Lebanon. After observing that large firms account for the bulk of net job creation, we find ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Firm and Regional Factors of Productivity: A Multilevel Analysis of Tunisian Manufacturing

Mohamed Amara and Khaled Thabet

In this paper, we use multilevel models to simultaneously analyze individual, sectoral and regional characteristics that might affect the total factor productivity of Tunisian manufacturing firms for the period 1998-2004. ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

رؤية لاتجاهات السياسة الصناعية المصرية فى ضوء بعض الدراسات المقارنة (Government Intervention with No Structural Transformation: The Challenges of Egyptian Industrial Policy in Comparative Perspective)

Amirah El-Haddad

Structural transformation in Egypt has been modest. Industry is growing at a slower rate than services. Within industry, the non-manufacturing sectors of mining, construction and utilities have grown faster than ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Export Orientation and Exchange Rate Changes: Do Firms React Differently and Why?

Khalid Sekkat

Abstract This paper uses firm level data from 28 developing countries to examine the relationship between manufactured firms’ export orientation and exchange rate. The analysis incorporates the role of firm heterogeneity ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Vertical Integration and Institutional Constraints on Firm Behavior: The Case of the Garment Industry in Egypt

Amirah El-Haddad

Abstract Empirical analysis of vertical integration has mostly been restricted to developed countries. But since the institutional context in developing countries is very different, so may be the factors ... read more


Events
Workshops/Seminars

Barriers to Structural Transformation in North Africa

ERF organized a parallel session at GDN’s 15th Annual Conference that took place in Accra, June 18-20,  2014. The theme of the conference was Structural Transformation in Africa and Beyond, ... read more


Publications
Policy Perspectives

Arab Passenger Airlines Framework and Performance: Egypt, Jordan, Morocco and UAE

Khalid Sekkat

This policy perspective is the result of an ambitious research to study the impacts of the Arab airline industry framework on its performance and to investigate the effect of possible ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Which Factors Determine the Upgrading of Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises (SMEs)? Evidence Egypt, India and the Philippines

Aimée Hampel-Milagrosa, Markus Loewe and Caroline Reeg

Many low and middle-income countries suffer from a lack of medium-sized companies, which tend to be the main creators of higher income employment, motors of innovation and economic diversification. The ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Trade Liberalization and the Costs and Benefits of Informality: An Intertemporal General Equilibrium Model for Egypt

Abeer Elshennawy and Dirk Willenbockel

This research aims at assessing the costs and benefits of informality for the Egyptian Economy as trade is liberalized. The analytical framework for this assessment is an intertemporal general equilibrium ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Sectoral Shifts, Diversification, Regional Unemployment on the Eve of Revolution in Tunisia: A Sequential Spatial Panel Approach

Walid Jebili and Lotfi Belkacem

This paper investigates how sectoral shifts and industry specialization patterns have influenced Tunisian labor market performance in the recent past years. Building on a sequential spatial framework, while taking into ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

The Performance of the Airline Passenger Market in the United Arab Emirates

Jay Squalli

Despite a relatively short history, UAE airlines have managed to establish themselves alongside the best-performing airlines in the world, due to their spectacular growth in an economic environment that lacks ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Moroccan Passenger Airlines Framework and Performance

Brahim ElMorchid and Khalid Sekkat

This paper studies the relationship between the current passengers’ airlines framework and the performance of the sector in Morocco. The analysis aims at investigating the impact of further liberalization on ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Arab Passengers’ Airlines Framework and Performance: Jordan Case

Nesreen Barakat

The past two decades have witnessed vivid changes in the air transport services sector. These changes started in the developed countries, having a drastic effect on the global air transport ... read more