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Publications
Working Papers

Muslim Youth Unemployment and Expat Jihadism- Bored to Death?

Moamen Gouda and Marcus Marktanner

While the presence of foreign fighters in military conflict has been a regular ingredient of jihad, never before in modern history have foreign fighters gathered at the scale and speed ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

The Arab Spring and the Employability of Youth: Early Evidence From Egypt

Irène Selwaness and Rania Roushdy

This paper investigates the school-to-work transition of young people from subsequent graduation cohorts between 2005 and 2012 in Egypt. The analysis compares the early employment ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Constructing Labor Market Transitions Recall Weights in Retrospective Data: An Application to Egypt and Jordan

Shaimaa Yassin

To be able to redress retrospective panels into random samples and correct for any recall and/or design bias the data might suffer from, this paper builds on the methodology proposed ... read more


Publications
Policy Briefs

The Impact of Emigration on MENA Labor Markets

Anda David and Mohamed Ali Marouani

In a Nutshell The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region has seen large volumes of workers leaving their country of origin with, almost 6% of the region’s population migrating in ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Does International Migration Help Them Marry earlier? A Hazard Model for the Case of Egypt

Anda David and Rana Hendy

Marriage represents an important step of entering adulthood in the Egyptian society and its delay often results in tensions and frustration among youth. Considering migration as a predetermined strategy to ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Labor Market Effects of Pension Reform: An Overlapping Generations General Equilibrium Model Applied to Tunisia

Mouna Ben Othman and Mohamed Ali Marouani

This paper develops an overlapping general equilibrium framework to capture the interactions among pension reform, labor market and inter-generational distribution issues in Tunisia. The impact on the labor market is ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Upward or Downward: Occupational Mobility and Return Migration

Nelly El-Mallakh and Jackline Wahba

We study the extent to which temporary overseas migration enables returnees to climb the occupational ladder. Using data from Egypt, we examine the occupational mobility of returnees relative to non-migrants ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Southwest as the New Internal Migration Destination in Turkey

Ali Akarca and Aysit Tansel

Antalya and Muğla provinces located in southwestern Turkey have emerged as new magnets for internal migration in the country.  Socio-economic, demographic and labor market characteristics of immigrants coming to these ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Comparing Retrospective and Panel Data Collection Methods to Assess Labor Market Dynamics

Ragui Assaad, Caroline Krafft and Shaimaa Yassin

Abstract There is potential for measurement problems in both retrospective and panel microdata. In this paper we compare results on basic indicators related to labor markets and their dynamics ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Labor Market Dynamics and Youth Unemployment in the Middle East and North Africa: Evidence From Egypt, Jordan and Tunisia

Ragui Assaad and Caroline Krafft

Abstract Although it is well-established in the literature that unemployment is a labor market insertion problem in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA), the dynamics driving youth unemployment ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Determinants Of Emigration: Evidence From Egypt

Anda David and Joachim Jarreau

Abstract This paper analyzes the determinants of emigration at the individual and household level, using three waves of the Egyptian labor market panel survey (ELMPS) covering the 1998-2012 period. Exploiting the ... read more


Publications
Policy Briefs

Sticks Rather than Carrots to Induce More Formality

Aysit Tansel

In a nutshell Formalizing informal firms and employment has a number of potential benefits for the government, firms, workers, the economy and society. These include: increased tax revenue; more efficient reallocation of ... read more


Publications
Policy Briefs

Going beyond Doing Business to Foster Job Creation in Arab Countries

Jamal Ibrahim Haidar and Hedi Larbi

In a nutshell Creating enough jobs is a key development challenge for Arab countries. To address this challenge, many Arab policy makers sought to enhance the positions of their countries in the ... read more


Publications
Policy Research Reports

Migration and Mobility in the Egyptian Labor Market

Barry McCormick and Jackline Wahba

The objective of this project is to build a picture of various dimensions of labor mobility in Egypt during the period of adjustment. In this research project we have proposed ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Access To the Labor Market and the Impact of Passage Through an Introductory Traineeship in Professional Life (SIVP1): The Example Of the Graduates Of Higher Education in Tunisia From 2004 To 2008

Imen Mouaddeb and Mohamed Kriaa

Abstract In this article, we propose to study the determinants of access to first employment of graduates of higher education in Tunisia. It also focuses on the assessment of the impact of ... read more


Blog & News

Upward or Downward: Occupational Mobility and Return Migration

By Jackline Wahba, Professor of Economics at the University of Southampton and ERF Research Fellow. For many poor developing countries, the emigration of the high skilled workers is ... read more